Africa Marks Polio-Free Year

非洲国家小儿麻痹症消失一周年
FILE - UNICEF team vaccinates children against polio at St. Ambrose church in Abidjan, Cote D'Ivoire, March 9, 2011.

VOA News,August 13, 2015

Africa has marked a full year since its last recorded case of polio, a key step in the future eradication of the disease.

The last recorded case of polio in the continent was in Somalia last year, following an outbreak in the Horn of Africa region two years ago that left more than 200 people paralyzed.

The Somali government is not yet declaring the disease completely eradicated from the country.

Experts warn that continued success in the battle against polio depends on the continuation of vaccination campaigns and the close monitoring of suspected cases.

Nigeria marked one year since its last recorded case of polio in July. Afghanistan and Pakistan remain the only two countries in the world that have active cases of the disease.

Polio, short for poliomyelitis, is a highly infectious disease transmitted person to person, often through fecal matter and contaminated water. It mainly affects children, causing permanent paralysis and even death. Polio is easily prevented through vaccination, but there is no cure.

非洲国家小儿麻痹症消失一周年

美国之音,2015年8月13日

非洲各国过去整整一年来没有出现有注册的小儿麻痹症。这可以说是在当地彻底铲除这一病患的一个关键的一步。

去年在索马里发现的一例小儿麻痹症是有记载的上一起小儿麻痹症。两年前的时候,非洲之角那一带爆发了疫情,并导致200多人瘫痪。

索马里政府目前还没有宣布说这一病患已经彻底在那里被铲除了。

专家们警告说,要想在抗病方面继续取得成功,需要继续种植疫苗,并且密切关注有可能发生的病例。

尼日利亚在七月份的时候实现了小儿麻痹症消失一年。与此同时,阿富汗和巴基斯坦目前还是世界上两个仍然有小儿麻痹症患者的国家。

小儿麻痹症是一个人传人的、并且传染率很高的疾病,通常是通过粪便以及污染了的水源来传播,儿童是主要被侵袭的对象,并常常给患者带来永久瘫痪、甚至死亡。不过,这一病患可以很容易地被通过种植疫苗来防止。一旦感染上了小儿麻痹症,目前还无法治愈,因为到目前为止还没有找到疗方。