US, Russia to ID Syria Chemical Attack Perpetrators

- VOA News,August 7, 2015

Secretary of State John Kerry says the U.S. and Russia have reached a deal on a U.N. Security Council resolution that aims to identify those who have carried out chemical attacks in Syria.

Kerry made the announcement Thursday in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, shortly after meeting with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov on the sidelines of a Southeast Asian regional summit.

"We also talked about the U.N. resolution and indeed, I believe, reached an agreement that should try to see that resolution voted shortly, which will create a process of accountability that has been missing," Kerry said.

The resolution, which could be voted on as early as this week, would create a panel to investigate who is responsible for a series of chemical attacks during the Syrian civil war.

The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons is attempting to carry out a fact-finding mission on the attacks, but neither it nor the U.N. currently has the mandate to assign blame.

In 2013, the United States and Russia jointly demanded that Syria get rid of all its chemical weapons to avoid what would almost certainly have been a U.S. military strike in response to a poison gas attack on civilians in Damascus.

But the attacks have persisted, and there are concerns that Damascus is using other toxic agents, such as chlorine gas, which was not covered in the agreement and is not technically considered a chemical weapon.

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad has strongly denied using chemical weapons. He blames such attacks on rebels fighting to overthrow his government.

Russia, a major Assad ally, opposes assigning blame for the attacks and has vetoed several other Security Council resolutions critical of Damascus.

克里:美俄一致同意找出叙利亚化武袭击肇事者

- 美国之音,2015年8月7日

美国国务卿克里表示,美国和俄罗斯已经就一项联合国安理会决议达成协议,该决议要找出那些应对叙利亚的化学武器袭击负责的肇事者。

克里星期四在吉隆坡发出这一声明。之前他与俄罗斯外长拉夫罗夫在东南亚区域峰会期间举行了会谈。

联合国成员国可能早在这星期就对这一决议进行投票。决议规定将成立一个小组,调查是谁在叙利亚内战期间发动化学武器袭击的。

禁止化学武器组织试图就袭击展开事实调查,但是不论该组织还是联合国都无权提出指控。

美国和俄罗斯在2013年共同要求叙利亚清除其所有的化学武器,以避免当时美国为对大马士革发生的针对平民的毒气袭击而几乎可以肯定的军事打击。

但是袭击一直继续发生。人们担心大马士革使用其他毒气,例如没有在协议中写明的、同时技术上也不被认为是化学武器的氯气,

叙利亚总统阿萨德坚决否认使用化学武器。他将那些袭击归咎于想要推翻他政府的反叛武装。

作为阿萨德主要盟友的俄罗斯反对提出化武袭击的罪名,并否决了几项联合国安理会批评大马士革的决议。