UN: Afghan Civilian Deaths to Equal, Exceed Record

- VOA News,August 6, 2015

Civilian casualties of the armed conflict in Afghanistan this year are projected to equal or exceed the country's deadliest year on record, the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) announced Wednesday in Kabul.

According to UNAMA's 2015 Midyear Report on Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict, 4,921 civilian casualties were documented in the first half of 2015.

The 1,592 deaths and 3,329 injuries represent a 1 percent increase in total civilian casualties compared to the same period in 2014, the deadliest year for Afghan civilians on record.

About 90 percent of civilian casualties resulted from intensified ground engagement between Afghan security forces and insurgents, including "improvised explosive devices, complex and suicide attacks, and targeted killings," the report said.

It attributed 70 percent of civilian casualties to anti-government forces, a slight decrease from 2014. Targeted killings of civilians perceived to be supporting the government were the leading cause of death.

Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid, in a statement sent to VOA and other media outlets, said the UNAMA report was “partial and not based on facts.”

Mujahid insisted the findings of the report should have been shared with the Taliban before being made public to include the insurgent group’s reservations and stance on the civilian casualties.

Civilian deaths and injuries caused by pro-government forces represented 16 percent of total civilian casualties  15 percent attributed to Afghan National Security Forces and pro-government militias, and 1 percent attributed to NATO and U.S. forces.

联合国:阿富汗平民伤亡今年尤其严重

- 美国之音,2015年8月6日

联合国阿富汗援助团星期三在喀布尔宣布,今年阿富汗武装冲突造成的平民伤亡预计将相同于或超过有记录以来人数最多的一年。

根据联合国阿富汗援助团发布的“2015年年中武装冲突中保护平民报告”,2015年上半年,阿富汗有记录的平民死伤人数为4921人,其中1592人死亡,3329人受伤,比2014年同期增长了1%。2014年是阿富汗有记录以来平民伤亡最惨重的一年。

报告说,大约90%的平民伤亡是地面袭击造成的,其中包括简易爆炸装置,自杀炸弹袭击和有目标的杀戮。报告认为反政府力量应对70%的平民伤亡负责,其中主要是由于反政府力量杀死被认为支持政府的平民,这个数字比2014年略有降低。

塔利班发言人穆贾西德在发送给美国之音等媒体的声明中驳斥联阿代表团的报告是“偏袒和没有事实根据的”。他坚持说,报告发表前应当让塔利班看到有关调查数据,报告也应当包含塔利班对平民伤亡的保留和立场。

阿富汗平民伤亡有16%是亲政府武装力量造成的,15%归因于阿富汗国家安全部队和亲政府民兵,1%是由于北约和美国军队的行动。亲政府武装造成的平民伤亡比去年同期增加了60%。