美国下令政府部门不得使用卡巴斯基产品

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年9月14日 作者:美国之音塞尔丁(Jeff Seldin)

卡巴斯基实验室在莫斯科的总部 (2013年7月29日)
卡巴斯基实验室在莫斯科的总部 (2013年7月29日)A view of the headquarters of Russian cybersecurity company Kaspersky Labs in Moscow, July 29, 2013.

美国安全官员下令联邦政府机构一律停止使用总部设在莫斯科的网络安全公司卡巴斯基实验室的一切产品和服务。

美国国土安全部代理部长杜克星期三下达了这一指令,让政府机构在90天内执行。

国土安全部发表声明说:“这一行动是基于使用卡巴斯基的产品给联邦信息系统带来的信息安全风险。”

国土安全部说,卡巴斯基的官员与俄罗斯情报部门以及其他政府部门间的关系是最让人担心的问题。

白宫网络空间安全协调员乔伊斯在华盛顿举行的比林顿网络空间安全峰会上说:“这是一个我们必须要做的规避风险的决定”。

乔伊斯说:“这家公司必须跟俄罗斯情报部门配合,因此对我们政府来说,这是不能接受的风险。”

美国政府说,会给卡巴斯基实验室书面澄清的机会。

卡巴斯基实验室多次否认会协助俄罗斯从事间谍工作。创始人卡巴斯基星期二试图通过推特来安抚美方的担心。他说:“尽管存在地缘政治的动荡,我们对美国客户保持诚信。”

美国国土安全部发布上述通告前的几个小时,美国最高情报官员说,俄罗斯对美国的网络行动没有放慢,反而正在加速。

美国国家情报总监丹·科茨周三表示:“俄罗斯通过加强网络间谍活动并泄露从中盗取的信息,显然变本加厉地进行网络入侵。”

科茨没有详细说明俄罗斯网络或动的范围或目标,但警告说,一系列敌方人员正试图加大对公众舆论的影响。

科茨在华盛顿的一次网络安全峰会上说,“对手们利用互联网带来回音室效应,让信息、想法或者信念通过重复得到扩大和加强。”他说,“他们试图破坏我们对宪法的信仰,或者以身份认同的名义推动暴力。”

这位美国情报界的最高官员还表示,黑客越来越多地以美国国防工业为目标。

科茨说,“这种侵袭即使是为了偷窃信息和间谍活动,如果一名对手在设法针对美国进行小规模网络破坏时发生计算错误,可能在不经意间造成严重的、甚至灾难性破坏。”

美国情报机构在一月份发布的一份非保密报告中指出,俄罗斯总统普京为了推动美国2016年大选向有利于当时的候选人川普的方向发展,以前所未有的活动施展“影响力”。

川普成为总统后,一再对这种说法表示怀疑,几次暗示并不清楚俄罗斯是否做出这种事。

上星期,脸书的一次内部调查发现470个与俄罗斯有关联的账户在去年大选期间付钱登载了数千个政治性广告。

脸书表示进一步调查显示还有2200个广告“可能来自俄罗斯”,包括IP地址在美国但以俄文设置的账号购买的广告。”

所有有问题的账号都被暂时关闭。

参议院情报委员会副主席马克·沃纳(Mark Warner)上星期在一次安全会议上表示,这些发现可能只是“冰山一角”,俄罗斯也可能会操纵包括推特和谷歌等其他社交媒体平台。

尽管川普和他的一些支持者有疑问,前任官员们仍坚持认为俄罗斯应为民主党全国委员会的电脑系统被黑负责,并称那是为了诋毁民主党候选人希拉里·克林顿所做的努力。

US Orders Federal Agencies to Remove Kaspersky Products

U.S. security officials on Wednesday ordered government agencies to get rid of products and services from Kaspersky Lab, a Moscow-based cybersecurity firm.

Department of Homeland Security Acting Secretary Elaine Duke issued the directive, giving agencies 90 days to comply.

"This action is based on the information security risks presented by the use of Kaspersky products on federal information systems," according to a DHS statement.

The department said the key concerns were ties "between certain Kaspersky officials and Russian intelligence and other government agencies."

"This is a risk-based decision we need to make," said White House cybersecurity coordinator Robert Joyce, speaking at the Billington CyberSecurity Summit in Washington.

"The company must collaborate with the FSB [Russian intelligence], and so, for us in the government, that was an unacceptable risk," Joyce said.

The U.S. said it would give Kaspersky an opportunity to address its concerns in writing.

Kaspersky has repeatedly denied it helps Russia with espionage efforts. On Tuesday, company founder Eugene Kaspersky took to Twitter to try to calm fears.

"Despite geopolitical turbulence we remain committed to American customers," he said.

The DHS directive came hours after the top U.S. intelligence official warned that Russia has been ramping up the pace of its operations against the United States.

"Russia has clearly assumed an ever more aggressive cyberposture by increasing cyberespionage operations, leaking data stolen from those operations," Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats said at the cybersecurity summit.

Coats did not elaborate on the scope or target of Russia's cyberoperations, but warned that a range of enemies were increasingly seeking to weaponize public opinion.

"Adversaries use the internet as an echo chamber in which information, ideas or beliefs get amplified or reinforced through repetition," Coats said. "Their efforts seek to undermine our faith in our institutions or advance violence in the name of identity."

The top U.S. intelligence official also said hackers were increasingly targeting the U.S. defense industry.

"Such intrusions, even if intended for theft and espionage, could inadvertently cause serious if not catastrophic damage, where an adversary looking for small-scale destructive cyberaction against the United Sates could miscalculate," Coats said.

In an unclassified report released in January, top U.S. intelligence agencies concluded Russian President Vladimir Putin waged an unprecedented "influence campaign" in an effort to sway the 2016 U.S. presidential election in favor of then-candidate Donald Trump.

As president, Trump has repeatedly questioned those assessments, suggesting at times it was unclear whether Russia was responsible.

Just last week, however, an internal Facebook investigation found 470 Russian-linked accounts paid for thousands of political ads to appear during last year's presidential campaign.

Facebook said further investigation revealed another 2,200 ads "might have originated in Russia,'' including ads purchased by accounts with IP addresses in the United States but set to Russian in the language preferences.

Democrat Mark Warner of Virginia, vice chair of the Senate Intelligence Committee, told a security conference last week that the revelations might just be "the tip of the iceberg," and that Russia also most likely had manipulated messages via other social media platforms, such as Twitter.

Despite the doubts raised by Trump and some of his supporters, former officials have remained steadfast that Russia was responsible for hacking into Democratic National Committee computers in an effort to discredit Democratic Party candidate Hillary Clinton.