美国制裁侵犯人权的朝鲜官员

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年10月27日 作者:美国之音布雷德迈尔(By Ken Bredemeier)

2016年3月韩国新闻报道中有关金正恩的画面
2016年3月韩国新闻报道中有关金正恩的画面

美国星期四把7名朝鲜官员和3个政府实体列入黑名单,说他们从事了“世界上最严重的”侵犯人权行为。

美国国务院和财政部对平壤的军事安全、劳工和外交机构的官员以及在国外的强迫劳工行为实施了经济制裁。朝鲜军人在国外被迫无偿劳动,他们的收入被寄回资金严重受困的朝鲜政府。

美国财政部长努钦表示,“制裁针对的是朝鲜军方和朝鲜政权明目张胆侵犯人权的官员。我们还针对朝鲜企图通过强迫劳工行为让该政权赚取外汇资源的资金筹措者。”

国务院发言人海瑟·诺尔特表示,朝鲜的侵犯人权行为还包括法外杀戮、折磨、延长有争议的拘押以及强奸、强迫劳工以及朝鲜国内其它性暴力。

诺尔特还表示,“朝鲜政权限制自由迁徙,离开朝鲜以及获取信息的努力早已超出了主权范畴。朝鲜政府向海外派遣安全官员,监视国外朝鲜人的一举一动,并强制把在国外寻求庇护的个人遣送回国”。

美国的这份报告出台之际,联合国朝鲜问题人权状况特别报告员金塔纳公布了一份类似的报告,报告总结说,在朝鲜这个与世隔绝的共产党国家,存在“大肆侵犯”人权的现象。平壤一直不允许他个人在朝鲜观察人权状况,但是他说他已经与在那里目睹侵犯人权的人们进行过交谈。

不过这位联合国官员警告说,联合国这个世界组织一再针对朝鲜实施旨在阻止其开发核武器的经济制裁,“会对朝鲜百姓造成毁灭性影响”。

他呼吁世界“更具有建设性地”与朝鲜接触,他同时承认这种建议“可能不会受到欢迎”。

美国总统川普11月初将出访韩国、中国和日本等亚洲5国。预计川普将与该地区领导人,就朝鲜持续违反联合国禁止其进行核导试验的决议展开广泛会谈。

US Sanctions N. Korean Officials for Human Rights Abuses

WASHINGTON — The United States blacklisted seven North Korean officials and three government entities on Thursday, saying they engaged in human rights abuses that are "among the worst in the world."

The U.S. State Department and Treasury imposed economic sanctions on officials in Pyongyang's military security, labor and diplomatic outposts, as well as forced labor operations in foreign countries where North Korean soldiers are required to work for free while their wages are sent back to the financially beleaguered government.

Scott Busby, deputy assistant secretary of State for democracy, human rights and labor, told reporters on Thursday that North Korean defectors indicated they have seen policy changes, and in some cases, "the harshness of their treatment has been lessened" as a consequence of U.S. sanctions.

U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said the "sanctions target the North Korean military and regime officials engaged in flagrant abuses of human rights. We also are targeting North Korean financial facilitators who attempt to keep the regime afloat with foreign currency earned through forced labor operations."

One of the individuals on the blacklist is a mid-level North Korean official, Ku Sung Sub, who is North Korean Consul General in Shenyang, China.

"This individual was included in the report because of his responsibility for facilitating the return of North Korean asylum-seekers to North Korea. His case has been raised with China," Busby said.

Busby indicated that while expelling Ku from China is one of the options, he does not know if Beijing will take such action.

State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert said the human rights abuses also include extrajudicial killings, torture, prolonged arbitrary detention, as well as rape, forced abortions, and other sexual violence inside the country.

"Many of the country's human rights abuses underwrite the regime's weapons program," she said, "including forced labor in the form of mass mobilizations, reeducation through labor camps, and overseas labor contracts. Thousands of North Koreans are sent abroad every year to work in slave-like conditions, earning revenue for the regime."

Nauert also said "the regime's efforts to restrict North Koreans' freedom of movement, right to leave their country, and access to information reach far beyond its sovereign boundaries. The government deploys security officials on assignments overseas to monitor the activities of North Koreans abroad and to forcibly repatriate individuals seeking asylum abroad."

The U.S. report came as Tomas Ojea Quintana, the United Nations' special human rights rapporteur for North Korea, released a similar report concluding that there are "patterns of grave violations" of human rights in the reclusive communist country. Pyongyang has kept him from personal observation of human rights in the country, but he said he had spoken with people who have witnessed abuses there.

However, the U.N. official cautioned that the world body's repeated imposition of sanctions against North Korea aiming at blocking its nuclear weapons development "can have devastating impact on the civilian population."

He called for the world to have "constructive engagement" with North Korea, even while acknowledging such advice "may not be welcomed with open arms."

The latest U.S. condemnation of the regime of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un comes as President Donald Trump nears the start of a five-nation Asia trip in early November, including visits to South Korea, China and Japan. Trump is planning wide-ranging talks with leaders in the region about North Korea's continued defiance of the U.N. dictates against further nuclear and ballistic missile tests.

Nike Ching at the State Department contributed to this report.