美国非移民工作签证收紧

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年10月27日 作者:美国之音萨拉伊(By Esha Sarai)

一位男士在签证申请中通过电子设备录指纹。(资料照)
一位男士在签证申请中通过电子设备录指纹。(资料照)

美国宣布改变非移民签证政策,预计更新签证将变得更难。

在过去,美国公民与移民服务局(USCIS)一般会批准签证更新,除非签证持有者有犯罪行为。现在,更新将面临和最初签证申请同样的审核。

根据美国公民与移民服务局本周早些时候在网站上发布的公告,局长弗朗西斯·西斯那表示,“美国公民与移民服务局的官员处于本届政府加强完善移民系统的第一线。这个更新的指导原则为帮助推进保护美国工人利益的政策提供了清晰的方向”。

新的规定将影响持有至少8种工作签证、更新签证时需要填写I-129表格的10万多人。

山姆·阿代尔是位于加州和德克萨斯州的格拉姆·阿代尔商业移民法律事务所的合伙人。他说,他预计签证持有者在签证更新过程中可能面临更长的审批时间,相应的,被拒签的数量会增加。

阿代尔告诉美国之音说,“我不认为我们会有很大改变。但是我认为我们会看到要求提供证据的情况会增加,审批时间延长的情况会增加,因此会导致提出这些申请的雇主花费更大”。

根据美国公民与移民服务局发给美国之音的数据,在受这项政策调整影响的所有签证申请者当中,影响面最大的是H1-B,也就是“高技能工人”签证的持有者群体。在2017年需要提交I-129表格的10万9千537人当中,有9万5千485人持有H1-B签证。

H1-B签证过去也曾经受到威胁,最近一次是今年早些时候提出的一项法案要求提高这类签证持有者的最低工资标准。

尽管这个项目的支持者表示,法案将使得工人们免受剥削,但是很多H1-B签证的持有者担心各个行业将不大愿意雇佣他们,或者甚至不愿考虑雇用他们。

但是一些美国人支持新的规定,表示非移民工作签证伤害了工作的美国人。

加州人支持人口稳定协会的全国媒体经理乔·古扎蒂表示,“确保得到这种签证的人完全符合所有的要求,这一点是完全明智的”。

他说,“认为没有美国工人能够适合这些工作是不可能的”。他表示,尽管这些规定会损害企业,但是有助于正在寻找工作的美国人。

Greater Scrutiny Set for Nonimmigrant Work Visa Renewals

The United States has announced changes to its nonimmigrant work visa policies that are expected to make renewals more difficult.

In the past, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services would generally approve the renewals unless the visa holder had committed a crime. Now, renewals will face the same scrutiny as the original applications.

"USCIS officers are at the front lines of the administration's efforts to enhance the integrity of the immigration system," USCIS Director L. Francis Cissna said, according to the announcement posted on USCIS' website this week. "This updated guidance provides clear direction to help advance policies that protect the interests of U.S. workers."

The new regulations could affect more than 100,000 people holding at least eight different types of work visas who fill out the I-129 form for renewals.

Sam Adair, a partner at the Graham Adair business immigration law firm in California and Texas, said that for the most part, he expected visa holders would most likely face lengthier adjudication periods in their renewal processes, as opposed to increased numbers of denials.

"I don't think it's going to be a big shift for us," Adair told VOA. "But I think what we'll see is just an increase in the number of requests for evidence, an increase in the delays on the adjudication of these petitions, and really it's going to just result in more costs for the employers who are filing these petitions."

Of all visa holders affected by this policy, those in the United States on an H-1B, a visa for "high-skilled" workers, are the biggest group. Of 109,537 people who had to submit I-129 forms in fiscal 2017, 95,485 were H-1B holders, according to data sent to VOA by USCIS.

H-1B visas have been threatened in the past, most recently by a bill proposed this year that would have raised the minimum salary requirement for workers brought in on the visa. While advocates of the program argued that it would keep workers from being exploited, many H-1B holders feared that businesses would be less willing to hire them or keep them on board.

But some Americans support the new regulations, saying that nonimmigrant work visas hurt American workers.

"It's prudent to make sure that the people that receive those visas are in complete compliance with all of the requirements," Joe Guzzardi, national media director of Californians for Population Stabilization, told VOA.

"It just isn't possible to think that there aren't American workers that couldn't fill these jobs," he said, noting that while the regulations might hurt businesses, they would help Americans looking for work.