白人种族主义者到校演讲 佛州大学严防维州暴力重演

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年10月19日 作者:美国之音(VOA News)

白人种族主义者理查德·斯派塞
白人种族主义者理查德·斯派塞

美国佛罗里达大学根斯维尔(Gainesville)校区星期三弥漫著紧张气氛,因为白人种族主义者理查德·斯派塞(Richard Spencer)星期四将到校区发表讲话。

学校徵召了数百名来自联邦、州级、郡级和市级的执法人员,致力于避免八月份在夏洛茨维尔市的维吉尼亚大学爆发的致命暴力事件重演。

佛罗里达大学起初拒绝了斯派塞到校园发表讲话的请求。但是,校长肯特·富克斯(Kent Fuchs)后来表示,美国宪法第一修正案要求学校必须允许这项活动举行。

富克斯校长表示,为了加强周四演讲当天的安全,学校预期会花费六十万美元在保安方面。

斯派塞是全国政策研究所总裁。全国政策研究所为了举办这场演讲,支付了一万零五百六十四美元租界场地。

富克斯校长星期三说:“我完全理解法律上而言,言论自由不应承担这些成本,但是,另一方面,我们正在承担这些。所以说,纳税人在补助仇恨言论。”

佛罗里达州长里克·斯克特(Rick Scott)预期会有状况发生,因此星期一宣布了紧急状态。斯克特说,学校所处的阿拉楚阿郡(Alachua County) “潜在紧急状况威胁就在眼前”。

斯克特在他的命令中援引了一些斯派塞所到之处产生的暴力以及骚动。这些事件包括夏洛茨维尔的暴力冲突事件导致一名反示威游行者死亡。

斯派塞的支持者拿著火炬,和三K党以及新纳粹份子在“团结右翼”的集会中抗议移除美国南北战争南方邦联罗伯特·E·李将军雕像的举措。他们和当地执法人员以及反对他们示威的群众发生冲突。这些反示威群众包括反法西斯主义(Antifa)的活动人士。

富克斯校长表示,州长斯克特宣布紧急状态之后,学校收到了许多家长致电表达对安全的担忧。

富克斯校长说:“家长们想要知道‘州长为什么宣布紧急状态,而你,富克斯校长,却说我的儿女应该去上课?’(紧急状态的宣布)提升了和家长之间的紧张关系,还引起全国性的瞩目。”

富克斯说,他希望这场活动会让社区更紧密,并开启关于种族议题的对话。

Florida University Braces for Speech by White Nationalist, Protests

The University of Florida campus in Gainesville was on edge Wednesday, a day before white nationalist Richard Spencer is scheduled to speak there.

The school has called in hundreds of law enforcement officers from federal, state, county and city sources in an effort to avoid a repeat of the deadly violence that erupted in August at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville.

The University of Florida initially denied Spencer’s request to speak there but later university president Kent Fuchs said the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution required it to allow the event.

Fuchs estimates the school will spend $600,000 on security for Spencer’s speech Thursday.

The National Policy Institute, which is run by Spencer, is paying $10,564 to rent space for the speech.

“I fully understand freedom of speech cannot be burdened legally with the full cost of this, but on the other hand we’re being burdened,” Fuchs said Wednesday. “So taxpayers are subsidizing hate speech.”

In anticipation of trouble, Florida Governor Rick Scott declared a state of emergency Monday, saying a "threat of a potential emergency is imminent'' in Alachua County, where the school is located.

In his order, Scott cited several Spencer appearances that have resulted in violence and "civil unrest," including in Charlottesville where a counterdemonstrator was killed.

Carrying torches, Spencer's supporters were joined by the Ku Klux Klan and neo-Nazis at the “Unite the Right” rally to protest the removal of a statue honoring Confederate General Robert E. Lee. They clashed with local law enforcement officials as well as counterprotesters that included the so-called antifa movement (short for anti-fascists).

After Scott's emergency declaration, Fuchs said the school received many calls from parents concerned about safety.

“Parents want to know, ‘Why is the governor declaring a state of emergency and yet you, President Fuchs, are saying my son or daughter should be going to class?’ That (announcement) elevated that tension, locally with parents and brought a national visibility to this,” Fuchs said.

Fuchs said he hopes the event will end up bringing the community closer together, and that it can be used to create a dialogue about race.