原子能机构总干事称伊朗遵守了核协议

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年10月30日 作者:美国之音(VOA News)

国际原子能机构总干事天野之弥在伊朗首都德黑兰与伊朗总统鲁哈尼举行会晤。(2017年10月29日)
国际原子能机构总干事天野之弥在伊朗首都德黑兰与伊朗总统鲁哈尼举行会晤。(2017年10月29日)

联合国原子能机构的负责人星期天表示,伊朗遵守了其与六大国达成的具有里程碑意义的核协议中所做的承诺。

国际原子能机构总干事天野之弥在德黑兰伊朗国营媒体转播的记者会上说:“截至今天,我可以说,伊朗执行了伊核协议中与核有关的承诺。”

在此之前,华盛顿与伊朗就美国总统川普本月拒绝确认伊朗遵守了与“五常+1”的六大国签署的核协议而产生分歧。

美国国会目前有不到60天的时间决定是否恢复对德黑兰的经济制裁。根据伊朗核协议,美国解除了对伊朗的制裁以换取对伊朗核活动的限制。

国际原子能机构负责监督伊核协议的落实。天野之弥表示,伊朗核协议已经使德黑兰处于世界最苛刻的核项目核查体系下,包括禁止20%或以上的高水平铀浓缩活动,也就是接近生产核武器的水平。

天野之弥会晤了伊朗总统鲁哈尼、伊朗外长扎里夫和伊朗原子能组织主席萨利希。

萨利希在记者会上说:“美国总统的言行和他所持的立场制造了一个敏感的局势。我们要求天野之弥先生就像以往那样,在他的权责范围内和国际原子能机构宪章所说的,中立客观地发表技术性看法。”

伊朗最高领导人哈梅内伊曾表示,只要其它缔约方履行承诺,伊朗就遵守协议。但如果就像川普威胁的那样,华盛顿退出协议的话,德黑兰就将撕毁协议。

IAEA Chief: Iran Living Up to Nuclear Deal

The head of the United Nations atomic agency on Sunday said Iran was carrying out its commitments made under a landmark nuclear deal with world powers.

"As of today, I can state that the nuclear-related commitments made by Iran under the JCPOA (nuclear deal) are being implemented," Yukiya Amano, the head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, said at a Tehran press conference broadcast by state television.

The announcement comes on the heels of a dispute between Washington and Iran over U.S. President Donald Trump's decision this month not to certify Iranian compliance with the nuclear deal between Iran and six world powers.

The U.S. Congress now has less than 60 days to decide whether to reimpose economic sanctions on Tehran that were lifted under the deal in exchange for restrictions on Iran's nuclear activities.

Amano, whose agency is in charge of monitoring those restrictions, says the deal already subjects Tehran to the world's toughest nuclear inspection regime. It includes a ban on high-level uranium enrichment - 20 percent or more - that would take Iran close to the level needed for a nuclear weapon.

Amano met with Iran's President Hassan Rouhani, Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif and Iran's Atomic Energy Organization chief Ali Akbar Salehi.

"The U.S. president with his actions and words and stances that he has taken, has created a sensitive situation," Salehi said at the press conference. "We have asked Mr. Amano to offer his technical viewpoints neutrally and impartially just like before, in accordance with the scope of his responsibilities and what the IAEA's charter states."

Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has said Tehran will stick to the agreement as long as the other signatories do, but will “shred” the deal if Washington pulls out, as Trump has threatened to do.