英国:5月的全球“想哭”勒索软件病毒是朝鲜所为

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年10月28日 作者:美国之音(VOA News)

(资料照) 被“想哭”勒索软件感染后电脑的截频
(资料照) 被“想哭”勒索软件感染后电脑的截频FILE - A screenshot shows a WannaCry ransomware demand, provided by cyber security firm Symantec, in Mountain View, California, May 15, 2017.

英国负责安全的国务大臣本·华莱士(Ben Wallace)星期五表示,英国“十分确信”朝鲜应该对今年5月发生的全球网络黑客袭击负责。

今年5月席卷全球的“想哭”勒索软件对许多国家政府和公司的网络系统造成了破坏,其中包括英国三分之一的医院。

华莱士在BBC的采访中表示:“我们相信朝鲜是参与这次针对全球网络系统攻击的国家。” 他补充说,英国政府对此“非常确信”。

在这起黑客攻击中使用的“想哭”病毒几天内就感染了全球150多个国家的30多万台电脑。

英国国家审计署星期五发布的报告称,如果英国国民医疗服务体系遵守基本的信息技术守则,那么“想哭”病毒这样简单的攻击本来是可以被防范的。

英国国民医疗服务体系的网络安全负责人丹·泰勒(Dan Taylor)表示,这是“一场规模空前的蓄意攻击”。他说,英国国民医疗服务体系“学到了许多教训”。

华莱士大臣说,英国必须迅速行动,增强网络安全。

华莱士说:“这件事给我们所有人上了重要一课,那就是从个人到政府到大型机构,所有人都有责任保护我们网络的安全。”

网络勒索的原理是利用一种恶意软件把那些受攻击的电脑里的文件加密,然后要求受害人付赎金才能解锁。

Britain: North Korea Was Behind May Global Cyberattack

British Security Minister Ben Wallace said Friday Britain believed "quite strongly" that North Korea was responsible for a global cyberattack earlier this year.

The cyberattack, which occurred in May, disrupted government services and businesses throughout the world, including one-third of English hospitals.

"North Korea was the state that we believe was involved in this worldwide attack on our systems," Wallace said in an interview with the BBC. He added the British government was "as sure as possible."

More than 300,000 computers in 150 countries were infected within days of the "WannaCry" attack, dubbed as such because the WannaCry ransomware cryptoworm was deployed.

A report released Friday by Britain's National Audit Office (NAO) said WannaCry was a relatively simple attack that Britain's National Health Service (NHS) could have prevented if it adhered to basic information technology best practices.

NHS digital security head Dan Taylor described the event as "an international attack on an unprecedented scale" and said the agency has "learned a lot."

Minister Wallace said Britain must act quickly to strengthen its cybersecurity program.

"It's a salient lesson for us all that all of us, from individuals to governments to large organizations, have a role to play in maintaining the security of our networks," Wallace said.

Ransomware attacks utilize a type of malware that encrypts files on infected computers and demands money to unlock them.