美国承诺向萨赫勒反恐部队提供6千万美元

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年10月31日 作者:纽约时报(By ADAM GOLDMAN and NICHOLAS FANDOS)

2017年10月19日佩戴马里军队袖标的马里士兵
2017年10月19日佩戴马里军队袖标的马里士兵
美国承诺向非洲萨赫勒地区国家提供6千万美元,以支持这些国家的反恐努力。

星期一由国务卿蒂勒森宣布的这笔资金,将支持萨赫勒五国集团联合部队,该部队由布基纳法索、乍得、马里、毛里塔尼亚和尼日尔于今年早些时候建立。

蒂勒森国务卿在一份声明中说,“击败恐怖主义取决于确保恐怖组织无法在任何一片大陆上得到安全的藏身之地。这笔资金将帮助我们的地区伙伴在面临伊斯兰国及其分支组织和其它恐怖网络的时候进行奋战确保安全和稳定”。

美国常驻联合国代表妮基·黑利在联合国安理会一次有关萨赫勒联合部队的会议上明确表示,这笔双边资金需要国会批准,并不通过联合国进行拨付。联合国正在试图为这支部队建立可持续的资金和援助渠道。

黑利大使说,“我们认为五国部队首先而且最重要的,必须由地区这些国家所拥有” 。她指的是五个非洲国家集团。她还说,“我们还对于动用联合国资源去支持非联合国活动持严肃和众所周知的保留态度”。

在接下来的几周内,安理会将讨论联合国支持这支部队实现完全运作的四个选项。这些选项从扩大联合国在马里的维和任务到设立一个联合国支援办公室在有限范围内提供后勤和其它软性支持。

12月14日,国际社会将在布鲁塞尔举行承诺为五国部队提供支持的会议。这五国正寻求为联合部队筹集总计为4亿9千万美元的资金。

马里外长迪奥普欢迎美国做出的宣布,但是表示世界大国能够做出更多的努力。

他指出,像尼日尔这样的贫穷国家花费国内生产总值的百分之70来作为国防开支以打击恐怖主义和跨国犯罪网络,与此同时还要努力改善该国的基础设施、教育和其它事业。

迪奥普说,“我们同时准备好做好我们的工作。我们在承担风险,我们让我们的军人处于危险之中,我们让我们的财政状况处于危险之中”。他同时指出,置我们于危险之中的是全球威胁,不应当期待萨赫勒国家独自打击他们。

US Pledges $60M for Sahel Counterterror Force

The United States has pledged up to $60 million to support counterterrorism efforts by nations in Africa's Sahel region.

The funding, announced Monday by Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, will support the Group of Five Sahel Joint Task Force, a military unit set up by Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger earlier this year.

"Defeating terrorism depends on making sure terrorist organizations cannot have safe havens on any continent," Tillerson said in a statement. "This money will bolster our regional partners in their fight to ensure security and stability in the face of ISIS and affiliated groups and other terrorist networks."

At a U.N. Security Council meeting about the Sahel Joint Task Force Monday, U.S. Ambassador Nikki Haley made clear that the funding would be on a bilateral basis, subject to congressional approval, and not given through the United Nations, which is trying to establish sustained funding and assistance to the force.

“We believe that the G5 force must be, first and foremost, owned by the countries of the region themselves,” Haley said, referring to the group of five African nations. “We also have serious and well-known reservations about using U.N. resources to support non-U.N. activities,” she added.

In the coming weeks, the Security Council will discuss four options for U.N. support to the force to make its work fully operational. They range from expanding the mandate of the U.N. peacekeeping mission in Mali – known as MINUSMA – to establishing a dedicated U.N. support office to deliver logistics and other soft support on a limited scope.

On December 14, the international community will meet in Brussels for a pledging conference to support the G5 force. The five countries are looking for a total of $490 million for the task force.

Mali’s foreign minister Abdoulaye Diop welcomed the U.S. announcement, but said major powers could do more.

“We know that in some of the foreign operations, in some regions of the world which I don’t want to say it, they can spend this money in just one day,” Diop told reporters. “One could wonder why the Sahel is not also getting the attention while we are facing a similar threat.”

He noted that a poor country like Niger is spending 70 percent of its gross domestic product on military expenses to combat terrorism and transnational criminal networks, while at the same time trying to improve the country’s infrastructure, education and other services.

“We are also ready to play our part,” Diop said. “We are taking risks; we are putting our soldiers at risk; we are putting our financial resources.” But he noted that what is at stake is a global threat and the Sahel countries should not be expected to combat it on their own.