奥地利31岁保守派领导人库尔茨胜选,政府似将右转

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年10月16日 作者:美国之音(VOA News)

31岁的有魅力的保守派政党领导人、现任外交部长库尔茨在奥地利大选投票结束后发表讲话(2017年10月15日)
31岁的有魅力的保守派政党领导人、现任外交部长库尔茨在奥地利大选投票结束后发表讲话(2017年10月15日)

31岁的有魅力的保守派政党领导人、现任外交部长库尔茨(Sebastian Kurz)及其人民党在星期日的奥地利大选中获胜,这使他成为欧洲最年轻的国家领导人,也似乎让奥地利在历经60多年的温和派中间派政府后将向右转。

选票几乎点算完毕,人民党得票接近32%,极右翼的反移民的自由党得票27%,执政党社会民主党的得票率略低于27%。

库尔茨星期日晚上告诉欢呼的支持者:“今天不是战胜别人的胜利日,而是真正改变这个国家的机会。”

奥地利观察家说,选票不过半的库尔茨大概会和自由党结盟,让国家走右翼之路。许多奥地利人一直抱怨领导层死气沉沉。分析人士目前认为,此次选举使极右翼政党多年来首次有机会参与组建联合政府,标志着奥地利政治正向右倾斜。

自由党正在努力摆脱它的新纳粹形象。它上次执政,是在17年前,当时欧盟制裁了奥地利。

观察家说,库尔茨在保守派和社会主义者的联盟崩溃之后,成功地重塑了保守派,强化了奥地利的右翼,包括极右翼。

移民议题主导了此次奥地利议会大选。人口不到900万的奥地利在2015年的移民危机中接受了9万名寻求庇护者,其中大多数是穆斯林。此举使主张收紧移民政策的右翼政界人士获得了支持。

保守派在2016年12月的选举中遭受挫折。当时,霍费尔在同样也被移民议题主导的大选中以微弱差距败给了绿党候选人范德贝伦。

Conservatives Win Austrian Parliamentary Election

After more than six decades of moderate and centrist governments, Austria appears to be shifting to the right after conservative Sebastian Kurz and his People's Party won Sunday's parliamentary election.

With almost all the votes counted, the People's Party took nearly 32 percent of the vote while the far-right anti-immigrant Freedom Party won 27 percent. It was barely ahead of the ruling Social Democrats, who finished with a little less than 27 percent. They had been in a coalition with the conservatives.

The 31-year-old Kurz, Austria's current foreign minister, will likely become Europe's youngest leader.

"Today is not the day of triumph over others, but today is our chance for real change in this country," he told cheering supporters Sunday night.

Short of an absolute majority, Austrian political observers say Kurz is likely to form a coalition with the Freedom Party and send Austria on a right-wing path after decades of centrism. Many Austrians have been complaining about stagnant leadership.

The Freedom Party has been working to shake off its neo-Nazi image. The last time it was in the Austrian government was 17 years ago when the European Union imposed sanctions on Austria.

Immigration dominated the 2017 campaign. The People's Party and Freedom Party called for a tougher immigration policy, including cuts in social services for migrants and asylum seekers, most of whom are Muslim.

Kurz also campaigned for tax cuts and reduced EU regulations, although observers don't see Austria leaving the EU.