西班牙首相:不排除废除加泰罗尼亚自治地位

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年10月8日 作者:美国之音(VOA News)

西班牙巴塞罗那示威者举行集会,呼吁举行对话。(2017年10月7日)
西班牙巴塞罗那示威者举行集会,呼吁举行对话。(2017年10月7日)

西班牙首相拉霍伊表示,如果加泰罗尼亚宣布独立,他不排除动用宪法权力收回加泰罗尼亚的自治地位。

拉霍伊是星期六对《国家报》发表上述观点的。他还说:“我不会排除法律允许的任何事情。我希望独立公投的威胁能够尽快撤除。”

星期六早些时候,数以千计示威者在巴塞罗那、马德里和西班牙其它城市举行集会,而与此同时,加泰罗尼亚继上周举行独立公投后继续推动从西班牙脱离。

加泰罗尼亚分离集会的组织者要求示威者身穿中性的白色,不要展示任何旗帜,无论是西班牙国旗还是加泰罗尼亚旗帜。示威的组织者一直在推动“让我们谈谈”的口号。

在西班牙首都马德里,有人举行反对加泰罗尼亚独立的示威,呼吁西班牙团结。在马德里的哥伦布广场,数以千计示威者挥舞着红黄颜色的西班牙国旗。

星期一加泰罗尼亚的独立公投后,有示威者举行了多个反对独立的集会。在那次公投中,加泰罗尼亚选民压倒性地选择独立。但西班牙政府称公投是非法的。加泰罗尼亚领导人现在面临下一步怎么走的艰难选择,他们呼吁与西班牙政府举行对话。

欧盟一名最高级别官员星期四警告说,加泰罗尼亚与西班牙政府的独立之争有升级为武装冲突的风险。

德国欧盟专员欧廷格在慕尼黑的一场活动上说:“情况非常令人担忧。在欧洲内部发生内战是可能的。”

欧廷格令人吃惊的言论引发了欧盟外交官员的不安。一名官员对美国之音表示,他认为,欧廷格的说法使荒谬的。

欧廷格和欧盟委员会,也就是欧盟的执政机构担心加泰罗尼亚的独立会引发欧洲其他地方的分离主义行为。欧盟委员会敦促马德里和巴塞罗那有关当局开展谈判,避免进一步挑衅。但目前没有迹象显示双方将开展谈判。这是自1981年西班牙政变未遂以来,西班牙面临的最严重宪法危机。加泰罗尼亚和西班牙政府的立场都十分坚定。

拉霍伊曾表示,在加泰罗尼亚分离领导人威胁宣布独立之际不会与对方开展对话。西班牙政府指责加泰罗尼亚的独立公投是非法的。

在马德里认为是非法的那次公投中,90%的选民投票支持独立,但投票率却远远低于50%。民调一直显示,更多的加泰罗尼亚人倾向于留在西班牙。

但上周日西班牙警察和宪兵为阻挠公投的进行,向示威者发射橡皮子弹、殴打加泰罗尼亚选民,还突袭投票站的做法反而加剧了加泰罗尼亚分离主义者的愤怒。加泰罗尼亚当局称,有近900人在镇压中受伤。

西班牙宪法法院禁止加泰罗尼亚地方议会星期一召开会议,按计划商讨上周日公投结果并可能宣布独立也进一步加剧了加泰罗尼亚人的愤怒。

随着危机的加剧,这场政治风波的结束遥遥无期,一些加泰罗尼亚企业表示,他们将把总部搬到西班牙其它地区,以避免由于加泰罗尼亚独立而被踢出欧盟共同市场。

Spanish PM 'Will Not Rule Out' Revoking Catalonia's Autonomous Status

Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy said Saturday that he would not rule out using constitutional powers to take away Catalonia's autonomous status if the region declared independence.

Rajoy made the remark to the newspaper El Pais. "I don't rule out anything that is within the law," he said, adding, "I would like the threat of an independence referendum to be withdrawn as quickly as possible."

Earlier Saturday, thousands of protesters gathered at rallies in Barcelona, Madrid and other Spanish cities as Catalonians continued to push for secession after last Sunday's independence referendum.

Organizers of the Catalonia secession rally had asked the demonstrators to wear neutral white, and not to display any flags, either Spanish or Catalonian. The demonstration organizers have been promoting the slogan "Let's Talk."

In Madrid, the Spanish national capital, there was a competing demonstration, for Spanish unity. That demonstration, centered on Madrid's Plaza de Colon, featured thousands of people waving red-and-yellow Spanish flags.

Although Catalonians voted overwhelmingly for independence this week, the national government has called the vote illegal. Catalonian leaders are calling for dialogue with the national government.

A top EU official Thursday warned that the separatist dispute risks escalating into armed conflict.

“The position is very, very alarming. Civil war is conceivable there, in the middle of Europe,” Gunther Oettinger, the German EU commissioner, said at an event in Munich.

The remarks prompted disquiet among EU diplomats. One told VOA he thought the comments were “nonsense.”

Oettinger and the EU Commission, the European bloc’s governing body, which fears Catalan independence might stir up separatism elsewhere in Europe, also have urged the authorities in Madrid and Barcelona to start negotiations and to avoid further provocations. But there are few signs of that happening. Both sides appear to be standing firm in Spain’s worst constitutional crisis since an attempted coup in 1981.

Rajoy has said there can be no talks while Catalonia’s separatist leaders are threatening to issue a declaration of independence on the back of the unauthorized plebiscite.

In that poll, deemed illegal by Madrid, 90 percent voted to break with Spain, but the turnout was well under half of the electorate. Opinion polls have consistently suggested that more Catalans favor remaining in Spain.

Secessionist anger in Catalonia has only intensified, though, over the violence last Sunday when Spain’s national police and Civil Guard fired rubber bullets, roughed up Catalans and raided polling stations as part of an effort to disrupt the plebiscite. Catalan authorities say almost 900 people were hurt in the crackdown.

Catalan anger has been further provoked by Spain’s constitutional court barring Catalonia’s regional parliament from sitting on Monday in a session scheduled to discuss the results of the Sunday referendum, and possibly to declare independence.

With the crisis deepening, and no sign of an end to political instability, some Catalan businesses have announced they are relocating their headquarters to other parts of Spain to avoid the possibility of getting knocked out of the European Union common market by a Catalonian secession.