想移居海外吗?试试这些地方吧

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年11月13日 作者:林赛•加洛维(Lindsey Galloway)

瓦莱塔,马耳他
瓦莱塔,马耳他

随着世界各地的联系越发紧密,移居海外的人越来越多——据联合国估计,全世界在自己国家之外居住的人超过2.44亿,较2000年增长逾40%。

然而,随着越来越多的人前往海外寻找新的工作和机会,新的家园究竟有哪些因素真正吸引这些外国人?

为了找到答案,全球化社区网络InterNations最近展开了《Expat Insider》年度调查,受访者是来自191个国家或地区的1.4万外籍人士,他们需要对海外生活的43个不同方面进行打分,包括当地人的友好度、家庭生活、居住成本以及工作与生活之间的平衡。该调查随后根据受访者给出的分数对相应的国家进行综合评分。

我们与排名靠前的一些国家或地区的居民展开了沟通,希望了解这些地方究竟有何特别之处。

台湾

那里拥有好客的文化和热情的人们,物质生活也达到了西方水准,所以对多数外国人来说,要适应台湾的生活非常容易——尤其是考虑到当地乐于助人的文化。

台北
台湾的外国人主要集中在台北,英语在那里得到广泛应用

"当你发现许多台湾人如此热情好客时,会感到十分意外,自愧不如。当身处困境的我用极不流利的汉语向他们求助时,他们依然表现出莫大的耐心。"来自澳大利亚的莫妮卡•密兹(Monica Mizzi)说,她经营着一个名为Typing to Taipei的博客,专门介绍当地的活动和文化。"外国人主要集中在台北,那里说英语的人更多,交通也很方便。"她补充道。

刚来台北的外国人通常住在天母。"那是一片巨大的'涉外区',感觉很像郊区,距离地铁较远。"来自奥克拉荷马市的莉齐•格洛克(Lizzie Gerock)说,她目前在台北担任InterNations的领事。格洛克在台北居住多年,目前住在市中心的信义区,她"喜欢住在靠近购物中心、餐厅、展览馆、街头表演者和电影院的地方。"

虽然与亚洲其他国家或地区的首都相比,台北的生活成本较低,但像本地人一样生活同样对降低费用大有裨益。

"家电、食品、服装、鞋帽等进口商品价格都很贵。"来自加拿大的InterNations成员凯伦•法力(Karen Farley)说。想在台北居住的人也必须明白,这里很少能见到配有烤炉的西式大厨房,多数厨房的面积都很小,只配有烤箱或微波炉。

尽管如此,密兹认为台北依然是美食天堂,从夜市摊贩到牛肉面连锁,再到高档日式料理,外出就餐往往比在家里吃饭更加实惠。

马耳他

温暖的气候和靠近欧洲的地理位置成为了这个地中海国家的主要吸引力。独特的气候促成了这里缓慢的生活节奏,所以希望前往这里居住的人应该为慵懒的生活做好准备,不必担心过于忙碌。

马耳他
气候和生活节奏是人们选择居住地的重要因素

"有的商店会在刚过午后的时候'午休',很多人都会发现餐厅的服务速度很慢。"来自罗马的InterNations领事西尔维娅•迪•菲利斯(Silvia Di Felice)说,"我记得有一次,我们大概晚上8点落座,直到半夜才离开。我们只点了一道头菜和一道主菜。并非所有餐厅都是这样,但应该做好心理准备,这里的工作方式很悠闲。"

圣朱利安斯和斯利马等西海岸城镇吸引了那些想要靠近餐厅并享受夜生活的人。如果渴望轻松的田园生活,迪•菲利斯推荐首都瓦莱塔,以及瓦莱塔西北12公里的纳沙尔和瓦莱塔以南9公里的比尔古。

该国有很多盛大的文化活动,包括国际艺术节和瓦莱塔电影节,另外还有许多以当地美食为主题的节日庆典——FestaFrawli(草莓盛宴)是迪•菲利斯的最爱。葡萄酒节更是多得不胜枚举。"我已经在马耳他找到了两款我本人很喜欢的当地葡萄酒:分别是Cittadella白葡萄酒和Caravaggio Merlot红葡萄酒。"迪•菲利斯说。

虽然马耳他友好的税收制度吸引了很多外国人(这里不会对海外的资本利得和其他优惠待遇收税),但房租却很高。"当地人向外国人收取的房租通常会略高,所以你需要花些时间做点研究才能租到最划算的房子。"迪•菲利斯解释道。

马耳他
马耳他慵懒的文化非常适合渴望放慢节奏的外国人

厄瓜多尔

调查显示,友好的居民、实惠的医疗、廉价的美食只是外国人喜欢住在厄瓜多尔的几个原因。除此之外,该国多样化的城市也为外国人提供了很多选择。

"厄瓜多尔的美在于多样性。"来自以色列、现居瓜亚基尔的InterNations大使哈盖•盖特(Hasgai Gat)说,"来到厄瓜多尔享受退休生活的人通常都渴望降低生活成本,所以海岸线、南部地区和安巴托(首都基多以南150公里的城市)很适合这类外国人。有商业头脑或者性格开朗的外国人比较适合住在基多、瓜亚基尔和昆卡。"但盖特也警告称,城市越大,成本也越高,租金和就餐费用都会相应提升。

语言水平较高的人甚至可以去更偏远的地方。"阿屯塔奎(Atuntaqui,位于基多以北100公里)是个只有2万人的城镇,我们几乎是这里仅有的外国人,我们喜欢这种感觉。"来自堪萨斯城的比尔•哈根(Bill Hagan)说,他目前在旅行创业公司Your Local Cousin担任导游,"不过,自己开车到卡其(Cotacachi)只要15分钟。所以,如果我们想跟其他外国人互动,或者想要享受北美的菜肴,也完全可以实现。"

厄瓜多尔
厄瓜多尔多样化的城市和多元的文化对外国人很有吸引力

墨西哥

跟马耳他相似,墨西哥最初也因为温暖的气候吸引了很多外国人,但热情好客的当地人、丰富多彩的传统文化和美食才是真正让他们乐不思蜀的重要原因。

"墨西哥是个美丽的国家,这里拥有数千年的悠久历史和多彩文化,还有美丽的沙滩、丰富的古迹和有过殖民历史的城市。"来自伊朗的InterNations大使萨米拉•侯塞尼(Samira Hosseini)说,她目前住在距离德克萨斯与墨西哥边境以西150英里的蒙特雷市,"墨西哥花样繁多的美食尤其令人难以抗拒。"

这里的外国人对当地人的包容态度赞赏有加,这让他们感觉自己成为了其中的一份子。侯塞尼有一个朋友跟她在同一时间搬到了一座规模相似的欧洲城市,但她并没有感受到那座城市的热情好客,因此在新的环境中感觉很孤独。"我当初也很疲惫,但因为有那么多好朋友,而且经常受邀参加各种无法抗拒的聚会!"侯塞尼说,"所以我在墨西哥没有一天感到孤独。"

很多西方人都喜欢墨西哥湾畔的图鲁姆或太平洋海岸的巴亚尔塔港这样的海滨小镇,但身处该国中心地带的墨西哥城才是这个国家真正的麦加。

墨西哥城
墨西哥城才是渴望深入了解墨西哥文化的外国人心中的麦加

"墨西哥城是个大都市。"来自尼日利亚的InterNations大使比奥克洛博•山姆森•沃克玛(Biokrobo Samson Wokoma)说。他建议外国人住在墨西哥城中部的社区,例如La Condesa、La Roma、Escandon和Napoles,那里房租比较实惠,而且距离各种餐厅、酒吧和俱乐部都不远。这些地方还靠近公交、地铁和自行车停靠站,很容易前往市区的其他地方,而且多数居民至少都懂得一些职场英语,因此更容易融入其中。

不仅如此,外国人往往还能在墨西哥城找到一点家的感觉。"外国人通常都能找到做自己家乡菜的餐厅,有的地方甚至还会庆祝慕尼黑啤酒节这样的外国节日。"沃克玛说。

虽然消费远低于其他西方国家的首都,但墨西哥城仍是该国生活成本最高的城市之一。不过,沃克玛表示,即便是在首都,每月1.6万比索仍然能让一家人轻松过上舒适的生活。

新西兰

该国美丽的自然风光吸引了世界各地的人们,而由于可以轻而易举享受城市的便利和海滩的美景,外国人往往也很容易适应当地悠闲的生活方式。

新西兰
皇后镇颇受那些渴望享受自然风光的人士青睐

"我最初跟父母一起搬到新西兰,但我后来搬到其他国家居住。不过,由于怀念这里悠闲的生活方式、友好的居民和自然环境,我又搬了回来。"在香港和新加坡长大的InterNations大使普瓦•巴特纳加(Purva Bhatnagar)说。她指出,新西兰人通常从早晨8:30工作到下午5点,从不加班,而且可以与家人一起享受美食和周末活动,例如家庭聚会、自驾游或远足。

如果想要享受大都市的氛围,巴特纳加建议前往奥克兰,她把那里称作"新西兰的纽约"。惠灵顿人口较少,但作为首都,那里却有很多的政府、教育和科技岗位。旅游中心皇后镇颇受那些渴望尽情享受自然风光的人士青睐,从事服务行业的人也对这里钟爱有加。

悠闲的生活方式并非没有代价:相比于物价(尤其是奥克兰等大城市的房价和生鲜食品价格),人们的工资显得有点低。不过,与世界其他地方相比,这里的旅行、户外活动和医疗费用仍然比较低廉

Want to move abroad? Try here

As the world becomes more connected, the number of people living outside their home country is on the rise – more than 244 million globally, estimates the United Nations, up more than 40% since 2000.

But as increasing numbers of people venture to new jobs and opportunities, what makes expats happy in their new hometown?

To find out, the global community network InterNations recently conducted their annual Expat Insider survey of more than 14,000 expats from 191 countries, asking residents to rate 43 different aspects of life abroad, from friendliness of locals and family life to affordability and work-life balance. The survey then graded countries according to how well they scored across all these indexes.

We talked to residents in the top-ranking countries to find out what exactly makes their adopted country so special.

Taiwan
A welcoming culture with warm people, along with the creature comforts of Western living, makes adjusting to life in Taiwan easy for most expats – especially since locals are always willing to help.

“I was surprised and humbled by the extent many Taiwanese locals were so openly welcoming, from showing patience when I jumbled up my Mandarin to going out of their way to help when I was in a bind,” said Monica Mizzi, originally from Australia, who runs the local events and culture blog Typing to Taipei. “Most expats congregate in Taipei, where more people speak English and transportation is easy,” she added.

Within the city itself, new expats tend to live in Tienmu. “It’s a sprawling ‘foreigner district’ with a more suburban feel, further removed from the MRT system,” explained Lizzie Gerock, originally from Oklahoma City, who now volunteers as an InterNations Consul in Taipei. Gerock, who’s been living in Taipei for several years, resides in the downtown district of Xinyi and “loves having access to shopping, restaurants, exhibitions, street performers, movies.”

While the city is affordable compared to other Asian capitals, living like a local goes a long way to keeping costs low.

“Buying anything foreign like appliances, food, clothes or shoes can be pricey,” said Karen Farley, an InterNations member originally from Canada. Prospective residents should also realise that having a Western-style large kitchen with oven is rare; most are small with a toaster oven or microwave.

That said, Taipei has “ridiculously delicious cuisine,” according to Mizzi, from the night market vendors to beef noodle chains to upscale Japanese restaurants, all of which can often be more affordable than eating at home.

Malta
Warm weather and proximity to Europe are the big draws for this Mediterranean nation. The climate leads to a slower pace of life, so prospective residents should get ready to relax instead of rush.

“Some shops have a ‘siesta’ early in the afternoon, and many people notice slow service at the restaurants,” said Silvia Di Felice, an InterNations Consul originally from Rome. “I remember sitting at a table around 8 pm once and leaving at midnight! We only had a starter and one main. Not all restaurants are like that, but be prepared; it's a relaxed approach to work.”

The towns of Saint Julian’s and Sliema, both located on the eastern coast, draw people who want to be near restaurants and nightlife. For those looking for more a more country, laidback lifestyle, Di Felice recommends the capital Valletta; Naxxar, 12km northwest of Valletta; and Birgu, 9km south of Valletta.

The country has plenty of big cultural events to offer, such as the International Arts Festival and the Valletta Film Festival, along with a plethora of festivals focused on local food – Festa Frawli (Strawberry Feast) being Di Felice’s top tip. The wine festivals in particular are too numerous to count. “I already have two favourite local wines here in Malta: a lovely white Cittadella and a red Caravaggio Merlot,” Di Felice said.

While Malta’s foreigner-friendly tax system is appealing to many expats (with no tax on capital gains earned from overseas and other preferential treatment), rent can be high. “Locals tend to charge foreign people a little bit more, so you need to spend some time doing your research in order to find the best deals,” Di Felice explained.

Ecuador
Friendly people, affordable healthcare and tasty, cheap food are just a few reasons as to why expats love living in Ecuador, according to the survey. Plus, the country’s diverse cities give expats a multitude of options.

“The beauty of Ecuador is the variety,” said Hagai Gat, an InterNations ambassador, originally from Israel who now lives in Guayaquil. “The people who come to retire in Ecuador often look for a lower cost of living, so the coastline, the southern part of Ecuador and Ambato [a city 150km south of Quito] will fit this type of expat. In the case of business-minded or outgoing expats, Quito, Guayaquil and Cuenca are the cities to live in.” The bigger cities do come at a cost, Gat warned, with higher prices for rent and eating out.

Those with stronger language skills can venture further afield. “Here in Atuntaqui [100km north of Quito], a town of about 20,000, we are essentially the only expats and we like it that way,” said Bill Hagan, originally from Kansas City and a guide for travel start-up Your Local Cousin. “However Cotacachi is 15 minutes away in private vehicle, so if we want to interact with other expats or enjoy North American cuisine, we can.”

Mexico
Much like Malta, Mexico draws many expats initially for its warm weather, but welcoming locals and a culture rich in traditions and food keeps residents happy over the long haul.

“Mexico is an amazing country rich with thousands of years of history and culture, fantastic beaches, wonderful archaeological sites and colonial cities,” said Samira Hosseini, an InterNations ambassador originally from Iran, who now lives in the city of Monterrey, 150 miles west of the Texas border. “In particular, the diverse and colourful cuisine of Mexico is hard to resist.”

Expats here also rave about how locals go out of their way to make them feel included. Hosseini has a friend who moved to a similar sized European city at the same time, but she didn’t get invited out, leaving her feeling isolated in her new surroundings. “I was exhausted too, but it was because of having too many friends and being invited to too many parties that I couldn’t resist!” Housseini said. “I did not feel a single day of loneliness in Mexico.”

Many Western expats seek out beach towns like Tulum on the Gulf Coast or Puerto Vallarta on the Pacific Coast, but Mexico City, in the central part of the country, is truly the country’s mecca.

“Mexico City is as metropolitan as it gets,” said InterNations ambassador Biokrobo Samson Wokoma, originally from Nigeria. He recommends expats live in Mexico City’s central neighbourhoods of La Condesa, La Roma, Escandon and Napoles, which are affordable and have easy access to restaurants, bars and clubs. They area also close to the Metro-bus, Metro-train and Eco-bicycle systems for easy commuting to the rest of the city, and most residents have at least a working knowledge of English, making assimilation easier.

Plus, as an added perk, expats can usually find a little piece of home in Mexico City. “Expats can often find restaurants that serve their home delicacies and spots that mark foreign festivities like Oktoberfest,” Wokoma said.

While still much more affordable than other Western capitals, Mexico City is the one of the more expensive areas in Mexico. Still, Wokoma says it’s easy for families to live comfortably at around 16,000 pesos a month, even in the capital.

New Zealand
The country’s stunning natural beauty draws people from across the world, and with easy access to both cities and beaches, expats usually adopt the local relaxed lifestyle.

“I initially moved to New Zealand [with] my parents, but I have lived overseas since then and returned because I missed the laidback lifestyle and kind and friendly people and environment,” said Purva Bhatnagar, an InterNations Ambassador who grew up in Hong Kong and Singapore. She notes that a typical Kiwi works 8:30 am to 5 pm, never overtime, and enjoys meals and weekend activities, like house parties, road trips or “tramping” (Kiwi slang for hiking), with their family.

For the most metropolitan experience, Bhatnagar suggests Auckland, which she describes as “the New York of New Zealand”. Wellington is a little less populated, but as the capital has an abundance of government, education and technology jobs. Tourist hub Queenstown is popular with those who want to enjoy the natural surroundings to the fullest, or with people in the services industry.

The trade-off for the laidback lifestyle can be a relatively lower salary compared to the cost of goods (especially for housing in bigger cities like Auckland and for fresh produce). Still, travel, outdoor activities and healthcare remain inexpensive compared to the rest of the world.