川普总统不顾朝鲜可能挑衅,将访问朝鲜半岛

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年11月2日 作者:美国之音(VOA News)

美国总统川普即将出访亚洲(资料照片)
美国总统川普即将出访亚洲(资料照片)

大多数美国人现在把朝鲜视为对美国最紧迫的威胁。川普总统将于11月7日到8日访问朝鲜的对头韩国,韩国是他亚洲之行的第二站。如何应对平壤正在进行的核导开发项目将是川普总统与各国领导人进行协商的主导议程。美国之音驻白宫记者赫尔曼将全程随同总统访问。

为川普总统出访亚洲做准备,川普内阁部分成员已在亚洲访问,为高层讨论如何对付朝鲜的问题做准备。美国国防部长马蒂斯说:“我们的目标不是战争,而是朝鲜半岛完全、可核实以及不可逆转的无核化”。

太平洋两岸各方对于有必要做出哪些努力来实现这一目标越来越感到焦虑。

美韩研究所主任具宰会说: “我认为这个危机与古巴导弹危机类似。我认为我们会到这样一个地步,我们必须做出决定,但决定的时间是有限的,不论是政治还是军事解决方案,这真的会改变朝鲜半岛的政治面貌”。

美国总统和朝鲜领导人金正恩多次激烈地抨击对方,这是前所未见的。

前美国国务院负责军控和国际安全的代理副国务卿托马斯·康特利曼说, “反复打嘴仗的结果是,削弱了美国以及美国总统的合法性。朝鲜多年来不断对我们进行谩骂和威胁,看到一位美国总统陷入到与朝鲜一样的水平,令我感到不安。”

韩国的一些人,包括主要的保守派反对党,主张不仅让美国的战术核武器进入韩国,还要求美国支持允许首尔拥有自己的核武器。自由韩国党主席洪准杓表示,“如果两国推动重新部署战术核武器,我确定这不仅显示两国人民结盟团结,而且会遏制金正恩进一步寻衅的意愿”。

美韩研究所主任--具宰会则表示, “你感觉到焦虑,你感觉到恐惧,感觉到韩国人面对的是不同的局面。,所以他们认为战术核武器可能会给他们提供某种安全,然而他们并没有厘清随之而来的各种复杂的问题”。

川普总统访问韩国后,将飞往北京。他将与中国国家主席习近平商讨朝鲜半岛不断升高的紧张局势。中国是朝鲜唯一的重要盟国。中国对朝鲜这个虽小但是越来越充满挑衅姿态的邻国已经表现出受挫的情绪。川普预计将要求中国向金正恩施加更大的压力。

Trump Heads to South Korea Amid Heightened Tensions on the Peninsula

President Donald Trump is heading to Asia for a 12-day, five-nation tour with heightened tensions on the Korean Peninsula and new polls showing Americans consider North Korea to be the most immediate threat to the United States.

Trump is scheduled to visit South Korea (Nov. 7-8), the North's rival, for the second stop of the trip.

During the trip, talks with South Korean President Moon Jae-in and other world leaders are expected to center on questions about how to deal with Pyongyang’s ongoing development of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles.

“Our goal is not war, but rather the complete, verifiable and irreversible denuclearization of the Korean peninsula,” said Defense Secretary Jim Mattis at the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) between North and South Korea, last

The U.S. president will not go to the DMZ and peer into North Korea, eschewing a highly symbolic photo opportunity made by about half of his predecessors since the Korean War.

“It would have had to have been the DMZ or Camp Humphreys,” according to a senior administration official. “No president has visited Camp Humphreys and we thought that that made more sense in terms of its messaging, in terms of the chance to address families and troops there, and to highlight — really, at President Moon’s invitation — South Korea’s role in sharing the burden of supporting this critical alliance.”

The official characterized DMZ visits, something three members of the Trump Cabinet have done this year, as “becoming a little bit of a cliché, frankly.”

It will be the U.S. Navy, instead, that is likely to provide the timely backdrop representing America’s commitment to protect South Korea.

Three U.S. aircraft carriers, around the time of the president’s presence on the peninsula, are expected to engage in their first combined exercise in a decade, displaying to Pyongyang the deterrence power of the world’s largest Navy.

There is increasing anxiety on both sides of the Pacific about what Trump views as necessary to achieve his administration’s vow to eliminate the threat to the United States posed by Pyongyang’s weapons of mass destruction.

“I think we will come down to a point where — I liken it to a kind of a Cuban Missile Crisis — there’s a finite time period where we have to make a decision, whether it’s political or military, that really will change the political landscape of the Korean peninsula,” says Jae Ku, director of the U.S.-Korea Institute at the Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies.

The U.S. president and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un recently have had an unprecedented, highly charged exchange of rhetoric.

“The insults traded back and forth decrease the legitimacy of the United States and of the United States president,” former U.S. Acting Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security Thomas Countryman told VOA. “It bothers me to see an American president sink to the same level of insults and threats that we have seen from the North Koreans over many years.”

Some in South Korea, including the main opposition conservative party, are pushing not only to have American tactical nuclear weapons brought back to the country — but also for U.S. support to allow Seoul to possess its own nuclear arsenal.

“If the two countries push forward with redeploying tactical nuclear weapons, I’m certain it’ll not only show the people of the two countries the solidarity of the alliance, but also prevent Kim Jong Un from having further desires to provoke,” Liberty Korea Party Chairman Hong Joon Pyo said (Oct. 26) at the National Press Club in Washington.

Polls show 60 percent of South Koreans favor building nuclear weapons and nearly 70 percent want the reintroduction of American tactical nuclear weapons for battlefield use, which were withdrawn in 1991.

“You sense the anxiety, you sense the fear, you sense that this is something different that the Koreans are facing. And so, as a result, I think they have latched on to this idea that tactical nuclear weapons may provide that kind of security to them and they haven’t thought through all the messy issues that come with it,” Ku, the U.S.-Korea Institute director, tells VOA.

“According to the joint agreement by the two Koreas on denuclearization, North Korea’s nuclear state cannot be accepted or tolerated. We will not develop or possess nuclear weapons either,” Moon told the National Assembly in his state of the nation address Wednesday.

Trump will address the National Assembly before flying from South Korea to Beijing. There, he will discuss the heightened tensions on the Korean peninsula with Chinese President Xi Jinping.

China is North Korea’s only remaining significant ally. China has expressed frustration with its smaller but increasingly provocative neighbor, but Trump is expected to request that Beijing apply even more pressure on Kim Jong Un.

“They've done more than I think many expected they would do,” a senior administration official told reporters on Tuesday. “That said, there is clearly more that China could do that would go beyond the U.N. Security Council resolutions given that the vast majority of North Korean external trade flows in and out of China.”