美国将取缔所有形式的合成阿片类物质

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年11月11日 作者:美国之音法里瓦尔(Masood Farivar)

资料照;美国政府资料显示包括芬太尼在内的合成阿片造成的死亡大幅上升。
资料照;美国政府资料显示包括芬太尼在内的合成阿片造成的死亡大幅上升。

美国缉毒署计划取缔各种非法类芬太尼。芬太尼是很容易上瘾的阿片类止痛药。近些年美国有数万人因过量使用芬太尼致死。

美国司法部星期四表示,其下属部门缉毒署将把所有“与芬太尼有关的药物”列入一类药物,实际上让出售这类物质属于违法。

将芬太尼类物质重新归类是川普政府打击芬太尼类药物泛滥的最新举措,2000年以来,这类药物的泛滥造成至少50万美国人丧生。

美国司法部长杰夫·塞申斯宣布这项措施时,称它是遏制美国非法使用芬太尼药物致死人数上升的重要步骤。

塞申斯在一份声明中说,通过将所有芬太尼类药物重新归类,就能授权我们的执法人员和检察人员,对那些扩散这些致死毒品的人采取迅速和必要的行动。

缉毒署发言人芭芭拉·卡雷尼奥说,在联邦公告中公布拟议中对芬太尼药物的归类日期还没有确定。

分类生效不会早于缉毒署公布其意向通知后三十天,分类列管持续时间最高为两年,可选择延期一年。

跟据物质的医疗用途和成瘾以及依赖的可能性,缉毒署将毒品、物质和制药化学品分成五类。

一类药物是缉毒署最高分类,这类药物没有医疗用途,非常容易被滥用。海洛因和大麻目前都被列为一类药物。

二类药物有公认的医疗用途,同时被滥用的可能性高。合成阿片类止疼药芬太尼目前属于二类药物,它比吗啡的药劲儿强100倍。

美国阿片类药物的泛滥很大程度上归因于从中国、墨西哥等国家非法进口芬太尼和芬太尼类药物。

美国司法部的声明说,一旦新的分类生效,任何人拥有、进口、分销或者制造任何违法芬太尼类药物都将受到跟芬太尼和其它管制类药物相同的刑事起诉。

US to Ban Illicit Versions of Synthetic Opioid

The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration plans to ban all illicit versions of fentanyl, the highly addictive opioid painkiller responsible for tens of thousands of deadly drug overdoses in the United States in recent years.

The DEA, an arm of the Justice Department, will classify all "fentanyl-related substances" as a Schedule I drug, effectively making their sale illegal, the Department said on Thursday.

The scheduling is the latest step by the Trump administration to combat an epidemic that has killed more than a half-million Americans since 2000.

U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions announced the move, calling it “an important step toward halting the rising death toll caused by illicit fentanyls in the United States.”

"By scheduling all fentanyls, we empower our law enforcement officers and prosecutors to take swift and necessary action against those spreading these deadly poisons,” Sessions said in a statement.

DEA spokesperson Barbara Carreno said no date has been set for publishing the planned classification in the federal register.

The classification will take effect no earlier than 30 days after the DEA publishes its notice of intent and will last up to two years with the option of a one-year extension.

The DEA divides drugs, substances, and chemicals used to make drugs into five categories or “schedules,” depending on their medical purpose and potential for abuse and dependency.

Schedule I drugs, the agency's highest classification, have no medial use and have a high potential for abuse. Heroin and marijuana are among substances currently categorized as Schedule I drugs.

Schedule II drugs have an accepted medical use but have a high potential for abuse. Fentanyl, a synthetic opioid pain reliever 100 times more powerful than morphine, is currently listed as a Schedule II drug.

The U.S. opioid epidemic is being fueled in large part by the growing prevalence of illicit fentanyl and fentanyl analogues (variations of fentanyl) imported from China, Mexico and other countries.

Once the classification takes effect, “anyone who possesses, imports, distributes, or manufactures any illicit fentanyl analogue will be subject to criminal prosecution in the same manner as for fentanyl and other controlled substances,” the Department of Justice said in a statement.