川普承诺亚洲之行后将做出“重大宣布”

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年11月13日 作者:美国之音赫尔曼(Steve Herman)

美国总统川普(中)与日本首相安倍晋三和澳大利亚总理特恩布尔在东盟峰会间隙举行三方会谈。(2017年11月13日)
美国总统川普(中)与日本首相安倍晋三和澳大利亚总理特恩布尔在东盟峰会间隙举行三方会谈。(2017年11月13日)

原定于美国总统川普与澳大利亚总理特恩布尔星期一举行的双边会谈临时扩大成有日本首相安倍晋三参加的三边会谈。

这一变化凸显美澳日三国对地区安全,特别是如何应对朝鲜的核武器和弹道导弹项目以及中国在海上领土主权纠纷中日益强势作风的担忧。

安倍晋三说:“对于我们来说,关键是要确保三方非常紧密的合作,从而给地区带来和平与稳定。”安倍希望在朝鲜问题上与美国总统川普保持一致。

澳大利亚总理特恩布尔说:“我们拥有共同的价值观和共同的关注点,也就是要确保朝鲜政权恢复理智,停止肆意挑衅,不要在亚太地区挑起冲突。”他还说:“和平与稳定是今后几十年我们这个地区几十亿人繁荣的基础。我们将合作,保持这里的和平与稳定。”

美国三个航母战斗群正在西太平洋海域举行大规模海军演习以展示武力。参与演习的还有韩国海军和日本海上自卫队。

川普表示,他将在结束为期12天的亚洲五国之行返回华盛顿后,就朝鲜问题和贸易问题作出“重大宣布”。

川普在东盟峰会间隙与安倍晋三和特恩布尔举行三边会晤的开始时说,“我们已经在贸易问题上取得了很多进展。”他还说,他的亚洲之行已经创造了3000亿美元的销售额,“包括对多家公司和中国”。川普没有就他的贸易宣布给予更多细节。

川普星期一还与菲律宾总统杜特尔特举行了双边会谈。菲律宾是今年东盟峰会的主办国。

川普说:“我们的关系非常好,会谈非常成功。”

记者试图询问川普在于杜特尔特的会晤中提到了人权问题。但杜特尔特说:“这不是一个媒体声明,这是一次双边会谈。”杜特尔特正面临国际人权组织的强烈批评。

白宫发言人萨拉·赫卡比·桑德斯后来表示,川普与杜特尔特的会谈涉及伊斯兰国、非法毒品和贸易。在谈到菲律宾打击非法毒品时,人权议题被短暂提起。

杜特尔特的发言人对此予以否认。

哈里·罗克在回答记者提问时说“没有,没有提及那个问题。我的理解是,他详尽解释了菲律宾打击毒品的政策。从美国总统的肢体语言能够看出,他似乎很同意,并且保证说,杜特尔特总统有川普这样一个朋友,自从他就职以来,一直是美国的盟友。”

早些时候,东盟峰会在菲律宾首都马尼拉开幕,菲律宾总统杜特尔特回避了敏感的打击非法毒品的议题。打击毒品犯罪是杜特尔特本人提起的。

杜特尔特星期一在第31届东盟峰会的开幕式上致辞时说,非法毒品对社会构成威胁,但他没有提及控制毒品犯罪的手段。

他说,我们今后两天的会议给我们讨论对地区和世界具有重大意义的事件提供了一个绝佳的机会。杜特尔特在对其他17个国家的政府首脑的致辞中还提到菲律宾打击南部穆斯林叛乱分子以及更广泛的恐怖主义的威胁。

预计东盟峰会后将发表公报,宣布将正式启动有关南中国海行为准则的谈判。

多个国家对中国在其控制的岛礁上搞军事化感到忧虑。

星期一,示威者在马尼拉第二天举行游行示威,并与防暴警察发生冲突。警察动用了警棍、高压水枪和声音警报,不让示威者靠近东盟峰会的会场。会场周围已经全部拉起了安全线。

有示威者星期一焚烧了川普的雕像。一些示威者与警察发生推搡。抗议的组织者表示,几十名示威者在与警察的冲突中受伤。

示威者呼喊着要求川普离开的口号,并指责美国试图挑起海外战争。菲律宾曾经是美国的殖民地。

示威的组织者表示,川普与杜特尔特相处得很好,但这对菲律宾人民不利。

川普对他到访的日本、韩国、中国、越南和菲律宾的接待工作大加赞扬。他对记者说,他到哪儿都是红地毯迎接。

Trump Promises ‘Major Statement’ on Trade After Trip

Two became three as a scheduled Monday morning meeting between U.S. President Donald Trump and Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull was expanded to include Japan’s Shinzo Abe.

The change underscored the growing three-way relationship concerning regional security, especially regarding how to respond to North Korea’s nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programs, as well as countering China’s increasingly assertive maritime territorial claims.

“The key for us is to ensure very close trilateral cooperation so as to bring peace and stability on the ground,” said the Japanese leader, who has been displaying a united front against North Korea with Trump.

“We’ve got the same values and the same focus on ensuring that the North Korean regime comes to its senses and stops its reckless provocation and threats of conflict in our region,” Turnbull said. “Peace and stability have underpinned the prosperity of billions of people over many decades, and we’re going to work together to ensure we maintain it.”

A massive naval drill involving three U.S. aircraft carrier strike groups is underway in western Pacific waters as a show of force.

The U.S. naval vessels and aircraft have been joined by elements of the South Korean navy and Japanese Maritime Self Defense Force.

Trump says he will make “a major statement” on North Korea and trade when he returns to Washington following his 12-day, five-nation trip to Asia.

“We’ve made a lot of big progress on trade,” Trump said at the start of his meeting with Turnbull and Abe on the sidelines of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations summit, adding that his Asia trip has generated $300 billion “in sales to various companies, including China.” However, he offered no details on the coming announcement.

Trump also had a one-on-one meeting on Monday with Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte, who is the host for the ASEAN summit.

“We’ve have a great relationship,” Trump said. “This has been very successful.”

Reporters tried to query whether Trump had raised the issue of human rights with Duterte.

The U.S. president did not respond. Duterte, facing strong criticism from human rights groups internationally, replied, “Whoa, whoa. This not a press statement. This is the bilateral meeting.”

White House Press Secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders later said of the meeting between Trump and Duterte: “The conversation focused on ISIS, illegal drugs, and trade. Human rights briefly came up in the context of the Philippines’ fight against illegal drugs.”

Earlier, as regional leaders gathered at a colorful ceremony to open the summit in Manila, Duterte sidestepped the controversy over his war on illegal drugs and its thousands of extrajudicial killings.

In opening remarks before the 17 other leaders at the summit’s plenary session, he called illegal drugs a menace that threaten “the very fabric of our society,” without mentioning methods of the response.

“I apologize for setting the tone of my statement in such a manner,” Duterte said. “But I only want to emphasize that our meetings for the next two days present an excellent opportunity for us to engage in meaningful discussions on matters of regional and international importance.”

The communique resulting from the talks is expected to announce that ASEAN will begin official negotiations for a code of conduct for the South China Sea, where several nations have conflicting territorial claims.

A number of countries have concerns about China’s increased militarization of disputed islands it controls.

For a second day Monday, several thousand militant protesters marched in Manila, clashing with riot police who responded with truncheons, water cannons and sonic alarms to keep the demonstration out of sight of the delegates at the ASEAN Summit, which is surrounded by a security cordon.

Protesters burned an effigy of Trump on Monday. Some protesters pushed the police, organizer Renato Reyes told VOA News, who said “scores” of protestors had been injured and some had to be treated at an on-site clinic.

Local media reporters say 10 people were injured, including six police officers.

The protesters shouted for Trump to leave and accused the United States, a former colonizer of the Philippines, of looking for overseas wars.

Reyes, describing the Trump-Duterte encounters, told VOA that “the two will get along very well, but that’s not good for the Philippine people.”

The U.S. president is praising his hosts in Japan, South Korea, China, Vietnam and the Philippines for the welcome he has received.

“It was red carpet like nobody, I think, has probably ever seen,” Trump told reporters.

Ralph Jennings and Kenneth Schwartz contributed to this report.