14岁俄罗斯模特久巴在中国猝死引发关注

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年11月2日 作者:纽约时报(By VALERIYA SAFRONOVA)

10月,俄罗斯模特弗拉达·久巴(Vlada Dzyuba)在上海的时装周的惠文龙时装秀上。
10月,俄罗斯模特弗拉达·久巴(Vlada Dzyuba)在上海的时装周的惠文龙时装秀上。

上周,来自俄罗斯彼尔姆市的一名14岁模特在中国工作期间身亡,引发出一系列疑问和大量有关这场死亡的未经证实的信息。

据当地新闻媒体报道,彼尔姆市的俄罗斯当局于周二表示,他们已开始进行刑事调查,以了解弗拉达·久巴(Vlada Dzyuba)的死亡是否因疏忽造成。

据俄罗斯国际新闻通讯社报道,俄罗斯儿童权利官员安娜·库兹涅佐娃(Anna Kuznetsova)在符拉迪沃斯托克市的新闻发布会上表示,此次调查可以让人进一步了解为什么“未满14岁的儿童会自己出国、谁帮她签下了工作合同、为什么她没有可以证明医疗保险的文件”。俄罗斯当局注意到了一个危险信号:尽管她与上海经纪公司“英模文化”签订的合同中规定了她在入境前需获得健康保险,但久巴没有。这或许是她所经历痛苦却无法得到帮助的原因。

尽管还未进行验尸,俄罗斯上海领事馆一位代表官员安德烈·库利科夫(Andrey Kulikov)向俄罗斯国际新闻通讯社表示,久巴的死亡似乎是由脓毒血症和神经系统感染引发的多器官功能障碍。

《西伯利亚时报》最初的报道称,久巴在上海时装周参加了一场13小时的时装秀后感到精力严重透支,并患上了脑膜炎。这一未经核实的说法被多家媒体引用。但那场时装秀在10月18已经结束,而久巴在10月25号才被送往医院。

谁应为久巴没有获得保险负责尚不可知。为久巴与英模文化牵线搭桥的经纪人德米特里·斯米尔诺夫(Dmitry Smirnov)表示,“弗拉达·久巴和她的母亲签下了合同,弗拉达独自去了上海。”他还说,这是久巴第二次出国。她去年曾在台湾工作三个月。

据英模文化提供的时间线,久巴10月23日在义乌工作,次日晚上,她开始感到不适。斯米尔诺夫说,她发了烧,在呕吐。周三,她回到上海,被带往医院。周五早晨死亡。“我两天没睡觉,所有人都在为弗拉达祈祷,”斯米尔诺夫说,“弗拉达的死与她的模特工作无关。是个可怕的悲剧。”

英模文化在周二的一份说明中写道:“我们失去了一位天使……我们必须坚强地安排好这位天使走后的相关善后。目前,我们正在积极安排家属来华的相关工作,以及跟相关部门的沟通和配合,对此我们一直在尽力。”

英模文化表示,久巴在中国期间基本上每天工作八小时。按照中国法律,在不影响学业的前提下,可以允许16岁以下的儿童在文艺、体育和特种工艺等行业工作。

在美国和英国,各个时装协会不鼓励公司与16岁以下的模特合作。纽约也立法将未达到法定年龄的模特归类为儿童表演者,对工作时长和强制信托账户等方面进行监管。

9月,法国公司开云集团(Kering)和酩悦·轩尼诗-路易·威登集团(LVMH Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton)通过了一项联合章程,承诺不使用16岁以下的模特进行“成人化的演出或拍摄”工作,并禁止16至17岁的模特在晚10点到早6点期间工作。

儿童权利官员库兹涅佐娃女士宣布,她的机构将对其他在中国工作的未达法定年龄的模特是否拥有所需健康保险进行调查。

翻译:石乔宇

Russian Authorities Investigate 14-Year-Old Model’s Death

Last week, a 14-year-old model from Perm, Russia, died while on a three-month assignment in China, setting off questions and a burst of unverified information regarding the circumstances of her death.

On Tuesday, Russian authorities in Perm announced that they were starting a criminal investigation into whether Vlada Dzyuba’s death was caused by neglect, according to a local news publication.

The inquiry could shed light on why “a child who has not reached 14 years of age found herself abroad, who it was that brokered her contract, why she did not have the documents that provide medical support,” said Anna Kuznetsova, the children’s rights commissioner for the Russian Federation, at a news conference in Vladivostok, according to the state-owned news agency RIA Novosti.

One red flag that has caught the attention of authorities: Ms. Dzyuba did not have health insurance, though her contract with Esee Models, the management company in Shanghai that hired her, stipulated that she should have enrolled before her arrival. Her lack of insurance may have kept Ms. Dzyuba from speaking up about the pains she was experiencing.

Though an autopsy has not been performed, Andrey Kulikov, a representative of the Russian consulate in Shanghai, told RIA Novosti that the cause of Ms. Dzyuba’s death appeared to be multiple organ failure caused by sepsis and an infection in her nervous system.

The Siberian Times had originally reported that Ms. Dzyuba was suffering from meningitis and severe exhaustion after participating in a 13-hour catwalk show during Shanghai Fashion Week, an unverified claim that was picked up by global news organizations. But the shows in Shanghai ended Oct. 18, and Ms. Dzyuba was not taken to the hospital until Oct. 25.

It is unclear who was responsible for setting up Ms. Dzyuba’s insurance. “Vlada and her mom signed the contract, and Vlada went by herself to Shanghai,” wrote Dmitry Smirnov, a scout who brokered Ms. Dzyuba’s contract with Esee Models, in a chat on the social-media platform Vkontakte. He added that this was the second time Ms. Dzyuba had traveled abroad. She worked for three months in Taiwan last year.

In Perm, Ms. Dzyuba was represented by Great Model, an agency run by Elvira Zaytseva. Ms. Zaytseva was reached on Tuesday through Vkontakte, where she disputed accounts published by Russian media about Ms. Dzyuba being overworked, but would not give specifics. Ms. Zaytseva did not respond to questions about whether her agency had set up insurance for Ms. Dzyuba.

According to a timeline provided by Esee Models, Ms. Dzyuba was on assignment in Yiwu, a city south of Shanghai, on Oct. 23. The next evening, she began to feel ill. Mr. Smirnov said that Ms. Dzyuba had a high temperature and was vomiting. On Wednesday, she returned to Shanghai and was taken to the hospital. She died on Friday morning.

“I didn’t sleep for two days, and everyone was praying for Vlada,” Mr. Smirnov said. “The death of Vlada is not connected to her work as a model. It is a terrible tragedy.”

In a statement provided on Tuesday, Esee Models said: “We lost an angel. We must be strong and persevere in the aftermath. We are now working on an arrangement for the family’s visit to China. We are also doing our best to communicate and cooperate with relevant departments.”

Esee Models said that Ms. Dzyuba worked mostly eight-hour days during her time in China. Under Chinese law, children who are younger than 16 are permitted to work for institutions of literature, art, physical culture and special crafts, so long as the work does not prevent them from attending school.

In the United States and Britain, companies are discouraged from working with models under the age of 16 by their respective fashion councils. New York City has a law in place that classifies underage models as child performers, with regulations that include limited work hours and mandatory trust accounts.

In September, the French conglomerates Kering and LVMH Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton passed a joint charter promising not to work with models under 16 for “shows or shootings representing an adult” and forbidding models ages 16 and 17 from working between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m.

Ms. Kuznetsova, the children’s rights commissioner, announced that her agency would be looking into whether other underage Russian models are working in China without the necessary health insurance.