“大统领”、“唐老壮”,特朗普的昵称和中国仰慕者

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年11月10日 作者:纽约时报(By JAVIER C. HERNÁNDEZ and IRIS ZHAO)

总统特朗普与第一夫人梅拉尼娅于周三抵达北京
总统特朗普与第一夫人梅拉尼娅于周三抵达北京。

北京——他们叫他“唐老壮”,对他的家人大肆赞扬,恭维他连珠炮似的推文,甚至还在网上建了一个粉丝俱乐部。

在美国,特朗普总统要面对穷追紧逼的各路媒体,要面对针对自己手下的杀伤性调查,还有不断下滑的支持率。

但当特朗普在周三抵达中国时,他有了一大批仰慕者。他们称赞他是一个有话直说的政客、一个精通生意门道的商业大亨。

“他很真诚,”住在东部省份江苏的戴翔说道,他加入了一个有23000多人的网络小组,组内会互相交流有关特朗普的新闻和评论,“很真实,不同于普通政客。”

和在美国一样,特朗普在中国也是一个看法两极化的人物。批评者是少不了的,他们嘲笑他太自我、不靠谱,批评他煽动对朝鲜开仗。但也有很多人是他热切的支持者,这对中国地缘政治最大对手的领导人来说,这样的发展或许也有些意外。

他们把他称作“川普叔”、“大统领”和“唐老壮”。在特朗普总统与习近平主席周三访问故宫后,一位粉丝在社交媒体上写道,“特朗普皇帝万岁!”

特朗普的中国粉丝赞扬他放飞自我的风格、作为艺人的表演才华以及敢想敢说的态度。还有许多人喜欢他是因为,在承认中国是超级大国、在世界舞台上有平等地位方面,不像之前的美国总统那样藏着掖着。

多年来,美国总统们都在政治犯和民主问题上批评中国。很多人表示,能看到一个更重视生意而非理想主义的总统,令他们如释重负。

他们说,特朗普改变了美国与中国对话的基调。

“人们听批评都听厌了。”北京的中国国际广播电台政治评论员许钦铎说,“现在才能好好对话。”

官方新闻媒体积极塑造特朗普的正面形象也帮了不少忙,热衷于表现他与习近平的热络关系,以及他对中国的赞誉。就算是那些知道特朗普在美国国内有种种麻烦的人,包括通俄门调查,也表示他们不会因此看低他令人钦佩的品质。

“我不关注通俄门,他的朝鲜政策什么的,”北京邮电大学讲师、43岁的张长江说,“他的目的非常明确。他知道怎样调动大家胃口,怎样造势,怎样以小搏大。”

对很多中国人来说,特朗普是他们常见的类型:商界名人。成功、直言不讳的商业巨头在鼓吹致富的中国社会可以赢得神一般的地位。在特朗普身上也是如此。他的书,包括《永不放弃》(Trump Never Give Up),在中国的网站上都得到了热烈好评。他被塑造成了一个模范,一个拥有高尔夫球场和富丽堂皇的酒店构成的商业帝国的亿万富翁。

一些人相信,他在生意上的精明能帮助他达成一些惠及中国经济的商业交易。

“作为一个相当成功的商人必然不会放弃中国无限潜力的市场。”25岁的设计师李洋说。

当然,不是所有人都喜欢他。在采访中,有些中国人表示,他们担心特朗普在挑拨中国与长期盟友朝鲜的关系。还有些人则为他过去在贸易和知识产权方面对中国的攻击感到担忧。有些人说他反复无常,虽然现在看起来很友好,但随时可能改变态度。

“特朗普这个人属于比较暧昧的。”38岁的北京居民孙彩虹说。“没有特别清晰的政策,能混就混。”

还有些人更为精明。

“对咱们国家有利就看好他。”56岁的快递员刘春雨说。“要是没利就没什么好的。”

甚至连那些不赞同特朗普政策的人,也将他视为一个令人耳目一新的反传统者,认为他愿意摒弃之前某些美国领导人对中国所持有的道德优越感,尤其是在人权问题上。

本周,上海政治评论员陈季冰在一篇博客文章中写道:很多中国人“对当前西方社会中的‘政治正确’准则有着强烈反感和敌视”,“从特朗普身上看到了自己”。

专家表示,中国共产党对信息的严格控制可能也有助于特朗普的受欢迎程度。南加州大学(University of Southern California)的政治学教授史丹利·罗森(Stanley Rosen)表示,中国人欣赏难以琢磨的、自信的性格,中国历史上的此类人物包括现代中国之父毛泽东。

罗森表示,特朗普想显得他是自发的,“不受制于任何人”。

特朗普的名人地位也增加了他的神秘感。在他当选总统之前,中国人就知道他是《学徒》(The Apprentice)中的明星——该节目可在网上观看。

甚至连他的外貌也引起了人们的注意——尽管不见得都是赞赏。在戏谑的社交媒体帖子中,特朗普淡黄色头发的头像被与公鸡和野鸡的照片放在了一起。

特朗普赢得中国观众喜爱最有效的手段可能是他的家人。他的女儿伊万卡(Ivanka)创立了自己的时尚品牌,被认为是中国年轻创业者的榜样。今年,他的六岁外孙女阿拉贝拉(Arabella)唱中文歌的视频曝光后,在中国成了名人。

周三,特朗普向习近平展示了另一段他外孙女唱中文歌的视频,这段视频在网上发布后得到大量转发,在不到24小时内就吸引了数千万点阅。

还有些中国人则要实在一些,他们喜欢特朗普是因为他们认为他的某些做法能使中国受益。他们认为,美国退出一些全球事务,为北京扩大影响力提供了契机。他们还表示,特朗普将习近平视为平等的伙伴,有助于提升中国的地位。

狂热的民族主义官方报纸《环球时报》赞扬了特朗普对习近平的尊敬,比如,他上个月致电祝贺习近平获得作为共产党领导人的第二个五年任期。

周四发表的那篇社论写道,特朗普是“第一位这样做的美国总统”,这反映出“对中国体制的尊重”。

Far From Washington, ‘Uncle Trump’ Finds Fans in China

BEIJING — They call him “Donald the Strong.” They heap praise on his family. They fawn over his rapid-fire tweets. They have even created an online fan club.

In America, President Trump faces a feisty press corps, damaging investigations into associates and sagging approval ratings.

But in China, where Mr. Trump arrived Wednesday, he has acquired a legion of admirers who hail him as a straight-talking politician and business mogul with a knack for deal-making.

“He’s true to himself,” said Dai Xiang, a resident of the eastern province of Jiangsu who belongs to an online group of more than 23,000 people that exchanges news and commentary about Mr. Trump. “He’s real, unlike other politicians.”

As in the United States, Mr. Trump can be a polarizing figure in China. He has his share of critics, who mock him as egoistical and erratic, and for fanning the war flames with North Korea. But he also has many ardent supporters, which is perhaps a surprising development for the leader of China’s biggest geopolitical rival.

They refer to him as “Uncle Trump,” “Grand Commander” and “Donald the Strong.” After Mr. Trump’s visit to the Forbidden City on Wednesday with President Xi Jinping, one fan wrote on social media, “Long live Emperor Trump!”

Mr. Trump’s Chinese fans praise his irrepressible style, his skill as an entertainer and his willingness to say what he thinks. Many also like the fact that he seems less inhibited than previous American presidents about recognizing China as a superpower and as an equal on the global stage.

And after years of American presidents lecturing China on issues like political prisoners and democracy, many also say they are relieved to see a leader who seems to care more about making deals than idealism.

They say Mr. Trump has changed the tone of America’s conversation with China.

“People are sort of tired of listening to that criticism,” said Xu Qinduo, a political commentator for China Radio International in Beijing. “Now we can talk to each other.”

It helps that the government-run news media has encouraged a positive portrayal of Mr. Trump, focusing on his warm relationship with Mr. Xi and his praise for China. Even those who do know about Mr. Trump’s troubles at home, including the investigation into his campaign’s ties to Russia, say these don’t detract from his admirable qualities.

“I’m not interested in the Russian investigation or his North Korea strategy,” said Zhang Changjiang, 43, an instructor at Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications. “His purpose is clear. He knows how to whet people’s appetite, how to make a scene and how to leverage his abilities.”

For many Chinese, Mr. Trump is a familiar type: the celebrity businessman. Successful, outspoken tycoons can win godlike status in China’s get-rich society, and Mr. Trump is no exception. His books, including “Trump Never Give Up,” received glowing reviews on Chinese websites. He is presented as a role model, a billionaire with his own empire of golf courses and gilded hotels.

Some believe his boardroom acumen will help him strike trade deals that will also benefit China’s economy.

“As a successful businessman, Trump definitely won’t ignore the huge size of China’s consumer base,” said Li Yang, 25, a designer.

Of course, not everyone is a fan. When asked, some Chinese said they worried that Mr. Trump is inflaming tensions with North Korea, a longtime ally. Others are concerned by his past attacks on China on trade and intellectual property rights. Some described him as mercurial, saying that while he seems to be friendly now, that could suddenly change.

“Trump is a person of ambiguity,” said Sun Caihong, 38, a resident of Beijing. “His policy is not clear. He’s just trying to muddle along.”

Others were more calculating.

“If he’s doing good for China, I like him,” said Liu Chunyu, 56, a deliveryman. “If not, I don’t like him.”

Even some of those who disagree with Mr. Trump’s policies see him as a refreshing iconoclast, willing to discard the tone of moral superiority that some previous American leaders had held toward China, especially on human rights.

Many Chinese “have a strong revulsion and hostility toward ‘political correctness’ in Western society,” Chen Jibing, a political commentator in Shanghai, wrote in a blog post this week. “They see themselves in Trump.”

The Communist Party’s tight grip on information in China might be playing into Mr. Trump’s popularity, experts say. Stanley Rosen, a political science professor at the University of Southern California, said that the Chinese respect unpredictable, confident personalities, which in their own history would include figures like modern China’s founding father, Mao Zedong.

Mr. Trump is showing that he is spontaneous and “beholden to no one,” Mr. Rosen said.

Mr. Trump’s celebrity status also adds to his mystique. Before his election, he was already known in China as the star of “The Apprentice,” which could be viewed online.

Even his physical appearance has drawn attention — although not always in a flattering way. In lighthearted social media posts, his head of flaxen hair is juxtaposed with photos of roosters and pheasants.

Mr. Trump’s most effective tool in winning over Chinese audiences may be his family. His daughter Ivanka, who started her own fashion brand, is regarded as a role model for young Chinese entrepreneurs. His 6-year-old granddaughter, Arabella, became a nationally known figure this year after a video appeared of her singing in Chinese.

On Wednesday, Mr. Trump showed Mr. Xi another video of his granddaughter singing in Chinese, which was shared widely after it was posted online, attracting tens of millions of views in less than 24 hours.

Other Chinese take a more hard-nosed approach, embracing Mr. Trump because of the advantages that they see him offering to China. They regard an American retreat from global affairs as an opening for Beijing to extend its influence. They also say Mr. Trump has helped enhance China’s stature by treating Mr. Xi as an equal partner.

The Global Times, an ardently nationalist state-run tabloid, praised Mr. Trump for showing respect to Mr. Xi, such as when he called last month to congratulate Mr. Xi on winning a second five-year term as Communist Party leader.

“Trump is the first American president to do so,” said the editorial, which appeared on Thursday. This “reflects his respect for China’s system.”