川普总统呼吁取消美国绿卡抽签项目

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年11月7日 作者:美国之音科斯特雷奇(Keida Kostreci)

一张美国绿卡
一张美国绿卡

川普总统在纽约市上星期二发生恐怖袭击之后呼吁国会取消凶手借以移民美国的“多元化签证计划”,也就是人们所说的绿卡抽签。在把这项计划视为美国梦入场卷的国家,川普的这番话引起震惊。 美国当初设立 “多元化签证计划”是为了给人口移民美国比率较低的国家提供机会。这个计划真的会取消吗?作为移民法改革的一部分,美国参议院已有相关提案。

川普总统说,“多元化签证抽签”对美国来说,是个灾难。

川普总统: “这项计划不是择优发放签证,而是因为申请人在年度抽签中被随机选中了,而参加抽签的人并不是那个国家最优秀的。”

一名白宫官员告诉美国之音说,结束这个抽签计划是白宫向国会提交的移民改革原则的一部分,并被列入简称“提升法案”(RAISE Act)的《改革美国移民加强就业法案》。

这项议案是由两名共和党参议员提出的,2月份以来一直在等待参议院辩论和可能的修正。 众议院议员9月份也提出了类似的议案。

“美国穆斯林倡导联盟”的律师法蒂娜·阿德拉伯在接受美联社采访的时候说,取消多元化签证是个坏主意。

美国穆斯林倡导联盟法蒂娜·阿德拉伯:“一直以来,多样性使我们作为一个国家能够成为希望的灯塔、力量的灯塔和决心的灯塔。任何人呼吁关闭这扇门,真正熄灭世界多样化之火,不管是政治还是非政治,都令人不安。”

她说,跟其他类型移民相比,因抽签计划来美的移民并没有构成任何独特的威胁。

人在华盛顿的移民律师肯尼斯·瑞兹勒同意这种看法。他说:“用最近的恐怖袭击来毁掉这个项目是不合理的,因为他们必须像其他人一样经过同样的审查。”

共和党人表示,他们明年将审议一项移民法案。 这能否发生取决于许多因素,其中包括有关俄罗斯干预美国大选的调查这一政治因素和其他政府优先考虑的问题。

移民律师肯尼斯·瑞兹勒:“首先,国会休会前剩下的立法时间很少了,而且他们似乎更关注税收改革问题。他们明年要做什么呢?这很难说,国会明年将举行中期选举。”

“多元化签证”项目是1990年设立的。对于那些想要移民美国的人来说,如果他们在美国没有家人,没有雇主来赞助他们,或者不是难民,多元化签证就是移民来美的唯一选择。申请者必须具备高中以上学历或有几年的工作经验。

Trump's Call Could End Diversity Immigrant Visas Program

President Donald Trump has called on Congress to abolish the Diversity Immigrant Visa (DV) Program, through which the suspect in last week's New York terror attack entered the country. He called the program, informally known as the Green Card lottery, a disaster for the country.

“This program grants visas not on a basis of merit, but simply because applicants are randomly selected in an annual lottery and the people put in that lottery are not that country's finest."

The president added that “the program presents significant vulnerabilities to our national security.”

"The idea that someone could just enter a lottery and in effect draw a U.S. citizenship out of a hat is not my idea of a good program.” Washington immigration lawyer Kenneth Rinzler agrees, but he says the problem is not vetting.

“It’s not legitimate to use the recent terrorist attack to knock this program because they have to go through the same vetting as everybody else,” he says referring to the process the U.S. government uses to clear each applicant for immigration in the United States.

Rinzler believes that there are concerns about all green card vetting; therefore it makes no sense to single out diversity visas.

Uzbek native Sayfullo Saipov is accused of driving a rented truck down a crowded New York City bike path, killing eight people and injuring more than a dozen others. Investigators say Saipov told them he was inspired to conduct the attack by Islamic State videos. He faces federal terror-related charges.

Saipov is the fifth DV program beneficiary to be connected with a terrorist attack in the U.S. since the program was started in 1990. The program grants 50,000 green cards a year to countries with low immigration rates to the United States, mainly from Africa and Eastern Europe.

In 2003, after the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the State Department Inspector General raised concerns that aliens from countries designated as state sponsors of terrorism can apply for diversity visas.

But in a 2007 report, the Government Accountability Office concluded that the DV program isn’t so much a threat to U.S. national security, as it is open to fraud by and against applicants.

Trump's comments sent shock waves through countries where the DV program is seen as a ticket to the American Dream. Yet, a proposal to end the lottery visa is already in the Senate, included in immigration reform legislation introduced earlier this year.

A White House official, speaking on background, told VOA that "ending the diversity [visa] lottery program was already part of the immigration reform principles the White House submitted to Congress, and is included in the RAISE Act, which the president has endorsed."

Reforming American Immigration for Strong Employment Act (RAISE), sponsored by two Republican senators, has been in the Senate Judiciary Committee since February of this year, awaiting mark-up. Similar legislation was introduced in the House Judiciary Committee in September.

The Chair of the House Committee, Bob Goodlatte said in a Fox News interview that the program makes no sense.

“Here we are admitting 55,000 people a year into this country — based upon job skills that are needed in the country. Not even based upon family they have in the country, but based on pure luck,” said Goodlatte.

"I think those visas could go to better purposes," Rinzler said, "everything from clearing the backlogs of years that we have with many countries, to giving them to everybody from the interpreters and translators in Iraq and Afghanistan that the U.S. government made a commitment to and then didn’t deliver upon, to military people who are having trouble nationalizing now."

But a Detroit-area lawyer who leads a Muslim advocacy group told AP, eliminating the program would be a strike against diversity.

"Diversity has always been what has allowed us as a country to stand as a beacon of hope and a beacon of strength and a beacon of resolve. And any call, political or not, to really close that door and to really extinguish that flame of diversity to the world is troubling," Fatina Abdrabboh, Director of American Muslim Advocacy League told AP in an interview.

"The ending of this program certainly, I think, would be a symbolic defeat and loss in terms of our standing, really, with the whole world."

While the Republican Party is seen as being in favor of getting rid of the diversity visa program, Senate Democrats in 2013 supported a bipartisan bill that would have abolished it. The effort failed, however, when the House did not act on the legislation.

Applications for the 2019 DV are being taken now through November 22. Applicants will learn next May if they have been selected - unless there is a change in the program's status. But it is the people who were selected for 2018 who are really worried. Will they be able to come or not?

“This is a discretionary program; it’s an act of generosity so to speak. If Congress passes a law and the President signs it to abolish the program and they set a fixed date, my guess is those people are out of luck," said Rinzler. "It says right on the website: even ‘winning’ is not a guarantee.”

Whether the Congress will take up the issue any time soon, depends on many factors, including political ones such as the Russia investigation and other priorities for the administration.

Katherine Gypson and Peter Heinlein contributed to this report.