国际特赦呼吁叙利亚停止强迫平民离家

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年11月14日 作者:美国之音(VOA News)

叙利亚官方通讯社萨那发布的图片显示,从两个亲政府村庄撤离的叙利亚平民乘坐大巴车抵达阿勒颇郊区交战双方之间的一个移交地点。(2017年4月21日)
叙利亚官方通讯社萨那发布的图片显示,从两个亲政府村庄撤离的叙利亚平民乘坐大巴车抵达阿勒颇郊区交战双方之间的一个移交地点。(2017年4月21日)

人权组织国际特赦表示,叙利亚被围困地区的平民被逼无奈,只能按照该国交战双方的协议离开自己的家。成千上万被迫离家出走的人如今生活在“悲惨境地”中。

国际特赦星期一发布报告称,叙利亚政府越来越多地依靠这种协议作为一种战略来强迫反对派投降。

叙利亚冲突在2011年3月开始。当时民众举行示威抗议巴沙尔·阿萨德的政府。示威后来演变为内战,导致成千上万的人死亡,几百万人被迫离家。其他人则生活在政府军或反叛武装的围困中。

在去年的好几个案例中,交战各方达成协议,准许人们离开被围困的地区。这种安排包括各方协调将人们从反叛武装控制区迁移到政府控制区,而被亲政府武装围困的城镇的人则乘大客车转移到反叛武装的控制区。

许多人权组织指控叙利亚政府军和反对派武装在冲突中践踏人权。

联合国安理会多次通过决议敦促交战各方保护平民,结束围困。国际特赦表示,联合国的决议被无视,联合国应当再做出努力结束对人口居住区的非法攻击,制裁犯下战争罪的人,对叙利亚政府实行武器禁运,将叙利亚问题提交国际刑事法庭。

Amnesty International Calls on Syria to End Forced Displacement of Civilians

Amnesty International says civilians in besieged areas of Syria are given no choice but to leave their homes under agreements reached between the country’s warring sides, and that thousands of forcibly displaced people now live under “dire conditions.”

In a report released Monday, the rights group said the Syrian government has increasingly relied on such deals as a strategy to force the opposition to surrender.

The Syrian conflict began in March 2011 with protests against President Bashar al-Assad’s government and grew into a civil war that has killed hundreds of thousands of people and led several million to leave their homes. Others stayed only to be held under siege by either government forces or rebel fighters.

In several cases in the past few years, the opposing sides have agreed to let people leave the besieged areas. The arrangements have included instances of coordinated movements of people from rebel-besieged areas into government-controlled territory, while those in towns besieged by pro-government forces took buses to rebel-held parts of Idlib province.

Various rights groups have accused both Syrian government forces and opposition fighters of committing human rights abuses during the conflict.

The United Nations Security Council has issued resolutions urging the protection of civilians and the end of the sieges.

Amnesty said those messages are being ignored and said the U.N. should renew efforts to end unlawful attacks on populated areas, impose sanctions against those responsible for war crimes, impose an arms embargo on the Syrian government and to refer the situation in Syria to the International Criminal Court.