特朗普的中国之行感觉良好,但挑战依然存在

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年11月11日 作者:美国之音艾德(Bill Ide)

美国与中国2017年11月9日签署大宗经贸协议
美国与中国2017年11月9日签署大宗经贸协议

美国总统川普在访问中国两天期间目睹了世界上最大两个经济体之间签署2500亿美元超大商贸订单。两国还朝着坚决反对朝鲜核野心的方向靠近了一步。

但是分析人士们说,无论是处理美中双边贸易问题,还是对付朝鲜核问题,双方并没有取得新的突破。在川普接下来访问越南、出席亚太经合组织首脑会议时,朝鲜核问题将继续是首要议题。

他们说,美中领导人在会晤中建立起来的好感将在未来几天、几个星期和几个月中面临真实考验。

中国国家媒体不断提到2500亿美元超大商贸订单,并高度赞扬川普此次访华的成功。

但是2500亿美元超大订单跟美中之间多达5000亿美元的逆差相差甚远。

华盛顿智库美国企业研究所的中国问题学者史剑道(Derek Scissors)说,除非中国改变它的贸易政策,川普过不了多久,又会批评中国。

清华—卡内基全球政策中心主任韩磊(Paul Haenle)说,美国人会对川普未能在解决经贸结构性问题以及在朝鲜问题上取得更大进展表示失望。他猜测,川普政府也许会在某个时候就这两个问题上对中国采取强硬立场,并让习近平措手不及。

Trump’s China Stop Provides Feel Good Breather, but Challenges Remain

President Donald Trump’s two-day stop in China saw the signing of $250 billion in deals between the world’s two biggest economies and the two countries aligning themselves closer in resolute opposition to North Korea’s nuclear ambitions.

But analysts say little new ground was broken on trade or North Korea, an issue that will continue to top President Trump’s agenda as he travels to Vietnam and attends the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Summit.

And the true test of the feel-good foundation forged during the meetings, analysts said, is likely to come in the days, weeks and months ahead.

By design, the $250 billion sum of the deals was meant to provide a sharp contrast to the $300-500 billion deficit that exists between the United States and China, something Trump called “horrible” before departing for his 12-day trip to Asia.

Chinese state media have kicked into overdrive hailing the visit as a huge success. Media reports have highlighted the tone of the meetings, repeatedly noting the total amount of the deals.

Scissors,a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute,said that despite Trump’s softer approach and “incredibly warm” feeling he expressed about his Chinese counterpart, the president is likely to be back to criticizing China again in a few months.

Paul Haenle, director of the Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy said “But President Trump may go home to a domestic political environment where people are disappointed he hasn’t achieved more progress on the structural trade and economics issues (market access, more fair and reciprocal treatment for U.S. businesses, intellectual property rights, forced technology transfer, and Chinese unfair industrial policies) and North Korea,” Haenle said. “My concern is you may see a shift towards a much harder line coming from the U.S. administration. That will be a huge surprise to China and President Xi.”