美海军最高将领:西太平洋撞船事件本可避免

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年11月2日 作者:美国之音(VOA News)

美国海军作战部主任约翰·理查森上将
美国海军作战部主任约翰·理查森上将

美国海军最高将领说,今年早些时候发生的两起美国海军驱逐舰在西太平洋与商船相撞的事件是“可以避免的”,发生原因是由于标准松弛和准备不当。

美国海军在星期三公布的报告中得出结论说,造成致命撞船事件的原因包括领导层和舰上人员的“多项失职”,包括未能就安全事宜制定计划以及未能遵守良好的航行操作实践和基本的观察瞭望程序。

海军作战部主任约翰·理查森上将说:“两起事故都是可以防止的,我们必须做的更好。”

今年8月,美国海军“约翰·S·麦凯恩号”驱逐舰在新加坡附近海域与一艘油轮相撞,造成10名美国水兵死亡,五名水兵受伤。今年6月,美国海军“非兹杰拉德号”驱逐舰在日本附近海域与一艘集装箱货轮相撞,造成七名水兵丧生。

撞船事件促使美国海军对其全世界的行动进行审议。在审议结束前,理查森曾说,致命事故原因在于海军行动的快节奏、预算的不确定性以及海军领导层更重视的是完成任务而不是安全。

理查森今年9月对参议院军事委员会说,全海军各部门领导力的失败是造成海军战备松弛的主要因素。

理查森作证说:“这是我的问题。”

审议报告发现,在“约翰·S·麦凯恩号”军舰在新加坡海峡发生的撞船事故中,由于军舰导向和推进系统的操作失误,舰上人员失去了对这处繁忙航道周围情景的警觉性。舰上人员还未能遵守审议报告所说的“国际海上通行规则”,这套制度制定了在有相撞风险情况下的舰船操作规范。此外,调查人员发现,操作军舰导向和推进系统的值班人员对这些系统不够熟悉。

在“非兹杰拉德号”军舰在日本西南海岸发生的事故中,美国海军发现,舰桥上的“瞭望团队”未能执行基本的海事程序。在与周围船只距离相近时,他们也未能按照海军条例的要求而通知舰长,而且未能遵守“国际海上通行规则”而避开驶近的船只并尽可能避免从其它船只的前面穿过。

Deadly Navy Collisions in Western Pacific Were ‘Avoidable:’ Top Navy Officer

Two collisions involving U.S. Navy destroyers and commercial vessels in the western Pacific earlier this year were “avoidable” and happened due to lax standards and poor preparation, according to the Navy’s top officer.

In a report made public on Wednesday, the Navy concluded that “numerous failures” on the part of leadership and the crews contributed to the deadly events. They included failing to plan for safety as well as failures in adhering to sound navigation practice and executing basic watch procedures.

"Both of these accidents were preventable,” Chief of Naval Operations Admiral John Richardson said. "We must do better."

The destroyer USS John S. McCain collided with an oil tanker in August off Singapore, leaving 10 U.S. sailors dead and five injured. The USS Fitzgerald, another destroyer, collided with a container ship in waters off Japan in June, killing seven sailors.

The collisions prompted the Navy to conduct reviews of its worldwide operations.

Before the reviews concluded, Richardson blamed the high pace of operations, budget uncertainty and naval leaders who put their mission over safety for the deadly incidents.

Richardson told the Senate Armed Services Committee in September that a failure of leadership throughout the service was the main contributing factor in the Navy's lack of readiness.

"I own this problem," Richardson testified.

The review found that during the incident involving the USS John S. McCain in the Straits of Singapore, the crew lost situational awareness in a busy maritime area due to mistakes in the operation of the ship’s steering and propulsion system. The crew also failed to follow what the review called “the international nautical rules of the road,” a system of rules governing vessel maneuvers when risk of collision is present. In addition, watchers operating the ship’s steering and propulsion systems were found to have insufficient proficiency and knowledge of those systems.

During the USS Fitzgerald incident southwest of Japan, the Navy found that the "watch teams" on the Fitzgerald's bridge failed to carry out basic maritime procedures. They also failed to notify the ship’s commanding officer when approaching nearby vessels, as required by Navy regulations, and they too failed to adhere by the international nautical rules of the road to remain clear of approaching vessels and, if possible, avoid crossing ahead of them.