川普总统首访中国 主谈朝核、贸易

编辑:给力英语新闻 更新:2017年11月3日 作者:美国之音艾德(Bill Ide)

在20国集团汉堡峰会上,美国总统川普、国家安全事务助理麦克马斯特等人同中国主席习近平、中共中央办公厅主任栗战书、国务委员杨洁篪、外长王毅以及习近平的经济顾问刘鹤等人会谈(2017年7月8日)。
在20国集团汉堡峰会上,美国总统川普、国家安全事务助理麦克马斯特等人同中国主席习近平、中共中央办公厅主任栗战书、国务委员杨洁篪、外长王毅以及习近平的经济顾问刘鹤等人会谈(2017年7月8日)。

美国总统川普下周首次访问中国,这是他出访亚洲的重要一站。预计他在中国会谈的首选议题是贸易和朝鲜问题。中国官员表示相信他的到访可以带来可观的成果。中国分析人士则认为,成果大小,主要得看川普的做法。

自从川普总统和中国领导人习近平今年早些时候在佛罗里达州首次见面,很多事情发生了改变,但同时也还有很多东西没有变化。

贸易仍然是一个重大问题。就在川普启程前几天,他说美国对中国的贸易赤字是“令人尴尬和可怕的”。

朝鲜已成为美中关系的首要议题。川普在访华期间会努力施压,让北京摆平平壤。

但是北京的分析人士说,中国能做到的程度是有限度的,尽管北京已经支持了一些对朝鲜至今最严厉的制裁。

中国人民大学国际关系专家,美国研究中心主任时殷弘:“中国能做的虽然有限,但还是可以为川普总统在贸易方面做出大幅度的让步,这不会伤害到中国的经济和金融领域。”

时殷弘:“中国还想说服川普不要对朝鲜发出那么多,那么经常的军事威胁,这会挑动和刺激金正恩进一步加大核武试验及导弹发射活动。”

在北京街头,有些人表达了他们的关切,认为朝鲜对中国和整个地区造成了威胁。

金融工作者刘先生:“看它(朝鲜)的诉求是什么,我们能不能通过和平的方式满足它的诉求,或者说它一定要跟世界抵抗,一点要用武力的方式把别人灭掉,那么我们也只能用武力的方式把它灭掉。”

然而对多数人来说,他们关切的是川普政府的美国移民政策和签证手续,希望他这次访问能够在相关方面有所改进。

研究生张女士:“我有很多同学他们要出国的话,他们就想留在美国做一些当地的,就是想留在美国工作和生活,如果他的政策比较排外的话,人们就不方便在当地留下来生活。”

金融服务也工作者郝女士:“可能就是在签证放宽这方面吧,对中国人来说。想去美国的人还是很多的,(美国)还是有吸引力的。”

N. Korea, Trade High on Trump’s Agenda on First Visit to China

When U.S. President Donald Trump makes his first visit to China next week, a key stop on a lengthy trip to the Asian region, trade and North Korea are expected to top his agenda.

Chinese officials have voiced confidence the trip could bring some significant outcomes, but analysts say that may depend largely on Trump’s approach.

Much has changed since President Trump and China’s Xi Jinping met for the first time earlier this year in Florida.

And much hasn’t.

Trade is still a huge issue, but North Korea has rocketed to the forefront of the relationship. And Trump has linked the two together in what one Chinese analyst calls his “unstrategic-strategy.”

That strategy of linking the world’s most complex relationship – ties between the United States and China – with the world’s most difficult problem – North Korea – has yielded some results.

China has approved some of the toughest sanctions to date this year against Pyongyang, as North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has tested the international community’s resolve with provocative missile launches and its sixth nuclear test.

During his visit, Trump will try to press Beijing to do more to sway Pyongyang, but pressure alone is unlikely to sway China. Analysts said that amid the increasingly bellicose rhetoric between the U.S. and North Korea, and Pyongyang’s harsh treatment of Beijing in response to sanctions, China has almost exhausted its options.

What Beijing could do, however, is offer something else instead, said Shi Yinhong, a political scientist at Beijing’s Renmin University.

“China could launch some – although limited – but still more substantial trade concessions to Mr. Trump, which will not hurt the Chinese economy and financial [sector],” he said.

Just days before his trip, Trump called America’s deficit with China “embarrassing and horrible.” China quickly responded by saying that it has not intentionally sought a surplus with the United States.

From China’s perspective, Xi will be looking to create a good atmosphere during the brief meetings and show he’s a successful world leader, Shi said.

“Also China wants to persuade Mr. Trump to not launch so much, and so constant military threats of a strike against North Korea. This will backfire and prod Kim Jong Un to further escalate [his] nuclear and missile activities,” he said.

On the streets in Beijing, some expressed concern about North Korea and the threat it poses to China and the region.

“If we can, we should use peaceful means to deal with [Kim Jung Un], but if he insists on antagonizing the world and using force to destroy others, all we can do is use force to destroy him,” said Liu, a financial sector employee interviewed in Beijing.

For most, however, America’s immigration policies under Trump and visas were a bigger concern - one some hope the visit will bring a softening of the U.S. policies as they are perceived by some in China.

“A lot of my classmates who have gone overseas would like to stay in the United States, to either live there or work, but if Trump adopts a more xenophobic policy, it will be more difficult to do that,” said one graduate student, surnamed Zhang.

Another woman surnamed Hao, who works in the financial services sector, said that while news reports have talked about the prospect of worsening economic relations between the two countries, most are concerned about more tangible issues like traveling abroad.

“I think many would like to see further loosening of visa policies, many want to go to the United States, it’s still very attractive,” Hao said.