●问路 鞋店在哪儿? Where is the shoe store? Where is the shoe store? (鞋店在哪儿?) Go straight for two blocks. (一直走，过两条街就有。) How do I get to the shoe store? 对不起，我迷路了。 Excuse me, but I'm lost. *lost表示“迷路”。 I don't know where I am. 我在地图上的什么地方? Where am I on this map? Where am I on this map? (我在地图上的什么地方?) You're right here, near Central Park. (你在这儿，中央公园附近。) Where am I? (我在哪儿呢?) Where am I located? (我在什么地方呢?) Can you point to where I am on this map? 这条街叫什么名字? What's the name of this street? What street am I on? (我现在在哪条街上?) 这附近有邮局吗? Is there a post office near here? Is there a post office near here? (这附近有邮局吗?) Yes, there is. Go straight... (有，在那儿。一直往前走……) Where's the nearest post office? (离这儿最近的邮局在哪儿?) Is there a post office close by? Is there a post office around here? Do you know of any post offices near here? (您知道这附近的邮局吗?) 去樱花饭店怎么走? How do I get to the Sakura Hotel? Where's the Sakura Hotel? (樱花饭店在哪儿?) Could you give me directions to the Sakura Hotel? What direction should I follow to get to the Sakura Hotel? 从第一个信号灯往右拐。 Turn right at the first traffic light. *turn right表示“右拐”，turn left表示“左拐”。 洗手间在哪儿? Where's the rest room? 在右边。 It's on the right. It's on your right. 一直走到第二个街区。 Go straight for two blocks. *block 是四面被道路围成的街区。 在左侧拐角那儿就能看见。 You'll see it at the corner on your left. *at the corner 的at也可以用on替换。 对不起，我也是第一次来这儿。 Sorry, I'm new here, too. Excuse me. Is Shinjuku far? (请问，新宿离这儿还远吗?) Sorry, I'm new here, too. (对不起，我也是第一次来这儿。) I'm a stranger here, too. I don't know either. (我也不知道。) 在那家咖啡馆的旁边。 It's next to the coffee shop. It's beside the coffee shop. It's just before the coffee shop. (就在那家咖啡馆的前边一点儿。) 在市政厅的对面。 It's across from City Hall. It's opposite City Hall. It's on the opposite side of City Hall. 正对着市政厅。 It faces City Hall. *face 表示“(建筑物等)正对面，正冲着”。 在书店和药店之间。 It's between the bookstore and the drugstore. 在教堂的这一边。 It's on this side of the church.*用this side表示“这边”。 It's before the church. 在这条路的尽头。 It's at the end of this street. *at the end of...“最靠后的，到头的”。 这儿离新宿近吗? Am I near Shinjuku? Is Shinjuku close to here? (这儿离新宿近吗?) Am I close to Shinjuku? 这儿离新宿有多远? How far is it to Shinjuku? *How far is it to...? 是就时间和距离具体要花多少所问。“到……有多远(需要多长时间)?”。 Is Shinjuku far? (新宿还远吗?) How close are we to Shinjuku? 要多长时间? How long will it take? *用来询问到达目的地需要多长时间。 5分钟左右。 About five minutes. 到那儿远吗? Is it far? Will it take long? (费时间吗?) Is it far from here? (离这儿远吗?) 不远。 Not far. It's not far. It's not that far. (不太远。) 到新宿哪条路最好走? What's the easiest way to get to Shinjuku? Could you give me the simplest directions to Shinjuku? 坐出租车去最容易找到。 The easiest way is to take a taxi. The easiest way is to catch a taxi. 到新宿哪条道最快? What's the quickest way to get to Shinjuku? What's the quickest way to get to Shinjuku? (到新宿哪条道最快?) You can go by express train. (你可以坐快车。) 在哪儿可以发信? Where can I mail this? 在哪儿可以打电话? Where can I make a phone call? *“打电话”可以用make a phone call或make a call来表示。 Where can I make a call? 这是条近路吗? Is this the shortcut? *shortcut 表示“近路”。
●乘坐交通工具 请给我一张地铁图。 A subway map, please. Could I have a subway map, please? *比较礼貌的说法。 售票处在哪儿? Where's the ticket counter? 到新宿多少钱? How much is the fare to Shinjuku? How much is the fare to Shinjuku? (到新宿多少钱?) I'll find out for you. (我看一下。) What is the fare to Shinjuku? How much does it cost to get to Shinjuku? What's the price of a ticket to Shinjuku? How much do I pay to go to Shinjuku? 150日元。 It's one hundred fifty yen. 到新宿，我该坐哪趟车? Which train should I take to Shinjuku? Which train goes to Shinjuku? (哪趟车到新宿?) Which train stops at Shinjuku? (哪趟车在新宿停?) Which train is going toward Shinjuku? (哪趟车开往新宿?) 我该在哪站换车? Where am I supposed to change? *be supposed to...“应该做……”。 Where am I supposed to change? (我应该在哪站换车?) At Shinjuku. (在新宿。) Where do I change trains? Where should I change trains? Where am I supposed to transfer? At what station should I change? 我要到荻洼在哪儿下车? Where am I supposed to get off for Ogikubo? 到新宿换乘JR的中央线。 You can change to the JR Chuo Line at Shinjuku. 在哪儿能坐上快车? Where can I catch an express train? *特快是a limited express, 每站都停的车是a local train。 到第二站台。 Go to track number two. Go to track two. Take this train. (坐这趟车。) Take the orange train. (坐那辆黄色的车。) Take the Chuo Line. (坐中央线。) 电车多长时间来一趟? How often do the trains come? How frequently do the trains come? *frequently 表示频繁程度，“不时地，频繁地”。 How many trains run in an hour? (一个小时有几趟车?) When do the trains come? (车什么时候来?) 10分钟一趟。 The trains come every ten minutes. *every表示“每”。 The trains run six times an hour. (一个小时有6趟车。) The trains come very often. (一会儿一趟。) The trains come five times a day. (一天5趟车。) 下趟快车是几点? When is the next express? When is the next express? (下趟快车是几点?) At 1∶10. (1点10分。) 到调布的末班车是几点? What time is the last train to Chofu? What time is the last train to Chofu? (到调布的末班车是几点?) I'm not sure. Probably around midnight. (不清楚，大概是夜里12点吧。) 下趟车是快车吗? Is the next train an express? 这趟车在调布停吗? Does this train stop at Chofu? Does this train stop at Chofu? (这趟车在调布停吗?) Yes, it does. (停。) Will this train stop at Chofu? Does this train go to Chofu? (这趟车去调布吗?) 从这里数第4站。 It's the fourth stop from here. How far is it to Shinjuku? (到新宿有多远?) It's the fourth stop from here. (从这到那儿有4站地。) There are four more stops to Shinjuku. There are four more stops before Shinjuku. 下下站。 After the next stop. The second stop. (第2个站。) Two more stops. (还有两站。) 到新宿还有几站? How many stops are there to Shinjuku? How many stops are there to Shinjuku?(到新宿还有几站?) There are four more stops to Shinjuku.(到新宿还有4站。) 下站是哪儿? What's the next stop? What's the next station? Could you tell me what the next station is? (您能告诉我下站是哪儿吗?) Would you tell me what the next stop is? (请告诉我下站到哪儿了?) I was wondering what the next station is. (我不知道下站是哪儿。) Is the next station Chofu? (下站是调布吗?) 下站是调布。 The next stop is Chofu. 我在哪儿可以打到车? Where can I get a taxi? Where can I get a taxi? (我在哪儿可以打到车?) There's a taxi stand up ahead. (前面就有出租汽车站。) Where can I catch a taxi? Do you know where I can get a taxi? (您知道哪儿有出租汽车站吗?) Where's a taxi stand around here? (这附近哪儿有出租汽车站?) 出租车站在哪儿? Where's the taxi stand? Where's the cabstand? 请帮我叫辆出租车。 Call me a taxi, please. Call me a taxi, please. (请帮我叫辆出租车。) Certainly. Where to, sir? (好的，您去哪儿?) Can you get me a taxi, please? (您能帮我叫辆出租车吗?) Taxi, please. Hail a taxi, please. *hail 表示“大声叫、叫住(船、车、人等)”。 Ring me a taxi, please. *英式英语。用于打电话叫出租车时。 到市中心得多长时间? How long does it take to get downtown? 要花多少钱? How much does it cost? How much will it cost? How much do you charge? 您去哪儿? Where to? Where're you going? Where would you like to go? (您想去哪儿?) 请到华尔街。 To Wall Street, please. 请到这个地址。 To this address, please. Take me to this address, please. I'd like to go to this address. Please take me here. (请带我到这儿。) 我有急事。 I'm in a hurry. I'm in a hurry. (我有急事。) May I ask why? (怎么了?)*有礼貌的问法。 请走最近的路。 Take the shortest way, please. 请您在这儿稍等一下。 Could you wait for me, please? 请在这儿停吧。 Stop here, please. 您能帮我拿一下行李吗? Could you help me carry my bag? 到那儿的话要花多少钱? How much would it cost to get there? *用would表示类似“要是去……的话”的语气，句子显得有礼貌、客气。 How much will it cost? 公共汽车站在哪儿? Where's the bus stop? 有去机场的大巴吗? Is there a bus to the airport? Is there a bus to the airport? (有去机场的汽车吗?) No, I'm afraid not. (恐怕没有。) 美术馆是第几站? How many stops to the museum? 下趟到成田机场的车是几点? When is the next bus to Narita? When is the next bus to Narita? (下趟到成田机场的车是几点?) It's at 4∶10. (4点10分。) When does the next bus to Narita leave? (下趟到成田的车几点开?) How long do I have to wait for the next bus to Narita? (还得等多长时间才能有到成田机场的车?) What time is the next bus to Narita? How soon is the next bus to Narita? (下趟到成田的车多久才能来?) 这辆车是去机场的吗? Does this bus go to the airport? 麻烦您到站时告诉我一声。 Could you tell me when to get off? Could you tell me when to get off? (麻烦您到站时告诉我一声。) No problem. (没问题。) 汽车刚走。 The bus has just left. *加上just含有“就在刚才”的语气。 The bus just left. We just missed our bus. (就在刚才，我们错过了那趟汽车。) *miss“错过，没赶上”。 汽车没有准时来。 The buses don't come on time. *on time“正点，按时间”。 The buses are not punctual. The buses don't come as scheduled. The buses are always late. (汽车总是晚点。) 这儿有人坐吗? Is this seat taken? Is this seat taken? (这儿有人坐吗?) No, it's not. (没人坐。) Is anyone sitting here? (有人坐这儿吗?) Can I sit here? (我可以坐这儿吗?) Do you mind if I sit here? (我坐这儿可以吗?) Is this seat free? 路上是不是很堵车? Isn't the traffic heavy? Isn't it crowded? Isn't the road congested?
●租车 租车的事，我该问谁? Who should I ask about car rentals? *rent-a-car 多指租借的车辆，而car rental 是指汽车租赁服务。 我想租辆车。 I'd like to rent a car, please. I'd like to rent a car, please. (我想借辆车。) Did you book your car yet, sir? (您预定了吗?先生?) 你喜欢什么车型? What type do you have in mind? 小型车就可以。 A compact, please. 有日本车吗? Do you have any Japanese cars? 租金是多少? What's the rental fee? 一天30美金，每公里加20美分。 Thirty dollars a day, plus twenty cents per mile. 你要上保险吗? Do you want insurance? 我要上全部的保险。 I'd like full insurance. 我能把车放在……? Can I drop off the car in...?
●交通标志 禁行! No outlet! 禁止停车! No parking! Can I park my car here? (这儿可以停车吗?) No, this is a no-parking zone. (不行，这一带禁止停车。) 禁止超车! No passing 单行线。 One-way street 十字路口。 road junction