advice vs advise | accept vs except | affect vs effect | a lot/alot/allot
lay vs lie | lay down vs lie down | less vs fewer
look after vs look for | look at vs watch | look forward(s) | look forward to
look over vs overlook | loose vs lose
me vs I | me vs my | most vs the most | most vs mostly | nor vs or
overtake vs takeover / take over
personal vs personnel | practice vs practise
precede vs proceed | principal vs principle
raise/rise | remember vs remind
said vs told | see vs watch | shortage vs shortness | so vs such
some vs any | stationary vs stationery
take care vs take care of | that/which/who | to/too/two| there/their/they're
trainer vs trainee | travel/trip/voyage/journey
used to vs used to do
wander vs wonder | what vs which | who vs whom
|accept vs except||
Accept is a verb, which means to agree to take something .
For example: "I always accept good advice."
Except is a preposition or conjunction, which means not including.
For example: "I teach every day except Sunday(s)."
|advice vs advise||
Advice is a noun, which means an opinion that someone offers you about what you should do or how you should act in a particular situation.
For example: "I need someone to give me some advice."
Advise is a verb, which means to give information and suggest types of action.
For example: "I advise everybody to be nice to their teacher."
!Often in English the noun form ends in ...ice and the verb form ends in ...ise.
|affect vs effect||
Affect and effect are two words that are commonly confused.
affect is usually a verb (action) - effect is usually a noun (thing)
Hint: If it's something you're going to do, use "affect." If it's something you've already done, use "effect."
To affect something or someone.
Meaning: to influence, act upon, or change something or someone.
For example: The noise outside affected my performance.
To have an effect on something or someone
!Note: effect is followed by the preposition on and preceded by an article (an, the)
Meaning: to have an impact on something or someone.
For example: His smile had a strange effect on me.
!Effect can also mean "the end result".
For example: The drug has many adverse side effects.
|all right vs alright||
All right has multiple meanings. It can mean ok, acceptable, unhurt.
The single word spelling alright has never been accepted as standard.
However in a search on Google you'll get around 68,700,000 hits for alright and 163,000,000 for "all right". So, it might become a respected alternative spelling. Personally I have no problem with it, but what do other people think:-
Kingsley Amis The King's English 1997: "I still feel that to inscribe alright is gross, crass, coarse and to be avoided, and I now say so. Its interdiction is as pure an example as possible of a rule without a reason, and in my case may well show nothing but how tenacious a hold early training can take."
|alone / lonely||
Alone, can be used as an adjective or adverb. Either use means without other people or on your own.
For example: "He likes living alone."
Lonely is an adjective which means you are unhappy because you are not with other people.
For example: "The house feels lonely now that all the children have left home."
!Note - Just because you're alone, doesn't mean you're lonely.
|a lot / alot / allot||
A lot, meaning a large amount or number of people or things, can be used to modify a noun.
"I need a lot of time to develop this web site."
It can also be used as an adverb, meaning very much or very often.
"I look a lot like my sister."
It has become a common term in speech; and is increasingly used in writing.
Alot does not exist! There is no such word in the English language. If you write it this way - imagine me shouting at you - "No Such Word!"
Allot is a verb, which means to give (especially a share of something) for a particular purpose:-
For example: "We were allotted a desk each."
|all ready vs already||
All ready means "completely ready".
For example: "Are you all ready for the test?"
Alreadyis an adverb that means before the present time or earlier than the time expected.
For example: "I asked him to come to the cinema but he'd already seen the film."
All together (adv) means "together in a single group."
For example: The waiter asked if we were all together.
Altogether (adv) means "completely" or "in total ".
For example: She wrote less and less often, and eventually she stopped altogether.
!To be in the altogether is an old-fashioned term for being naked!
|any vs some||
Any and some are both determiners. They are used to talk about indefinite quantities or numbers, when the exact quantity or number is not important. As a general rule we use some for positive statements, and any for questions and negative statements,
I asked the barman if he could get me some sparkling water. I said, "Excuse me, have you got any sparkling water?" Unfortunately they didn't have any.
!Note - You will sometimes see some in questions and any in positive statements. When making an offer, or a request, in order to encourage the person we are speaking to to say "Yes", you can use some in a question:
For example: Would you mind fetching some gummy bears while you're at the shops?
You can also use any in a positive statement if it comes after a word whose meaning is negative or limiting:
Apart (adv) separated by distance or time.
For example: I always feel so lonely when we're apart.
A part (noun) a piece of something that forms the whole of something.
For example: They made me feel like I was a part of the family.