What is patterned oral paraphrase?

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Patterned oral paraphrase is a technique for creating the written text of a story by first using illustrations to prompt someone to tell the story in natural language, then writing what he or she says.

Also known as:



POP was first used in an effort to avoid literal, unnatural translations of texts. Often translators looked at a text and translated what they saw literally or word for word. Better translations developed when local language speakers

  • looked at illustrations of a story or subject
  • heard the story that went with them or heard the subject discussed
  • repeated the story or discussed the subject naturally in their own language
  • then wrote down what they said.
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