What is a derivational affixation?

 
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Definition
 

Derivational affixation is the process of adding affixes to roots or bases in order to vary function or modify meaning. Affixation transforms a stem or word from one part of speech to another (from one word class to another).

Examples
 

Here are some examples of derivational affixation:

 
  • hit (verb) to strike something + -er equals hitter (noun); a person who strikes something
  • bright (adjective) the quality of emitting a lot of light + -ly equals brightly (adverb); manifesting the characteristic of being bright

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