What is a bibliography?

Home News Cai Music Essays Training Vocabulary Teaching Plan Forum


A bibliography is a list of resources used or referred to by an author.


Bibliographies used to be lists of written resources. Today, however, they often include information on other resources such as the following:

  • Interviews
  • Video and audio tapes
  • Computer resources
  • Speeches

A bibliography item usually includes information such as the following:

  • Source's name
  • Date of publication or interview
  • Name of publication or resource
  • Place of publication or interview

Here is an example of a bibliography:

  • Dechant, Emerald. 1991. Understanding and teaching reading: An interactive model. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. 522.
  • Goodman, Yetta M. (editor). 1990. How children construct literacy: Piagetian perspectives. A collection of 6 papers presented at IRA 11th World Congress, London, 1986. Newark, DE: International Reading Association.

Context for this page:

Page content last modified: 2 July 1998

Copyright © 2005-2008,Luxi ELT, All Rights Reserved
地 址:江西 * 萍乡 * 芦溪 邮 编:337200