What are phonemic awareness skills?

 
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Definition
 

Phonemic awareness skills are the skills needed to recognize that a spoken word consists of a sequence of individual sounds.

Examples
 

Here are some examples of phonemic awareness skills:

 
  • Segmentation, including the ability to

    • judge if two words start the same or end the same
    • remove a phoneme from a word
    • count phonemes in a word, and
    • blend sounds together
  • Sound/symbol identification, including

    • knowing the letters by sight and by sound, and
    • matching letters with the appropriate sounds and vice versa
  • Awareness of sound patterns in the language
See also
 

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