|Hope / wish|
Daudt from Brazil asks:
The answer is that the verb wish is used in a variety of different ways and hope cannot be used as a 'stand alone' verb in a sentence, other than in the expressions 'I hope so' or 'I hope not.'
Let's look at wish first of all.
your 'Merry Christmas' example, or when you wish someone good luck
or Happy Birthday, you are expressing the hope that they will have
good luck in the future, often in connection with a particular event,
or that they will enjoy their birthday which is to come. Thus we
have expressions like:
you suggest, wish is also used when you wish that something
were the case or you would like it to be the case even though you
know that it is impossible or unlikely. In this sense, the verb which
follows wish has a past tense inflection. Thus we have:
as in 'wish to', is also sometimes used as a slightly more formal
alternative to 'want to'. So we have:
Now let's take a brief look at hope. We speak of people's 'hopes for the future' and hope normally signals future intentions. If you hope to do something, you want to do it and intend to do it if you possibly can.
wish it can be used with to, plus infinitive. So we
when a new subject is introduced, hope must be followed by
a clausal construction. Thus, we would find:
Hopes and wishes! It is my hope and wish that all of you out there reading this column will enjoy good health and every happiness in the New Millennium. Or, to put it in two other ways: I wish you good health and every happiness in the 21st Century. I hope you'll enjoy good health and every happiness in the 21st Century.