take multi-part verbs
Similarly, there are numerous multi-part verbs where take is
combined with a preposition and/or adverbial particle.
Some of them have a literal meaning, like take away or take
off which are relatively easy to understand:
- Have you finished with that yet? ~ Yes, I have. Please take
- I took off my dirty clothes and put them in the laundry
Other examples have an idiomatic meaning where the meaning may
not be clear from an understanding of the individual words. These
take after - to resemble a family member in appearance,
character or behaviour
- Sylvia has always been a worrier - she takes after her
mother in that respect.
take up an activity - become interested in it or start doing
- She took up line dancing after her husband died.
take up on - accept an offer OR challenge someone verbally
Can I take you up on that lift to Manchester? ~ Sure! No
I'd like to take you up on that. I don't agree that cloning
take over - assume management, control or ownership
- It's possible that the supermarket chain Safeway will
be taken over by Sainsbury's.
Note that the verb needed for going past someone is overtake:
- He overtook me on the brow of the hill - really dangerous
take to - develop a liking for someone or something
- He's taken to drinking heavily since his wife left
- Tommy has really taken to his new teacher and
can't wait to get to school.