as conjunction or relative pronoun
Most frequently, that-clauses are used with reporting
verbs in indirect speech and thought:
- I've been told that we shall not be allowed to enter
the auditorium after the performance has started.
- I understand that you want to take unpaid leave when
your maternity leave ends. Is that right?
However, the conjunction that is often omitted after common
reporting verbs in informal speech:
- I think you're right. I think it will be over
by nine o' clock.
- She says she's bored at school. She says she's
going to leave at the first opportunity.
That as a relative pronoun introduces a defining relative clause
- Have you got any books in the library that are easy to
read? ~ The books that are easy to read are on the
Note that we cannot omit that if it is the subject
of the relative clause as in the example above. However, if it is
the object of the relative clause, it is usually omitted:
- The books (that) I borrowed are in my rucksack.
- The library (that) I borrowed them from is in the