nouns: word families
is a countable noun in your language may be an uncountable
noun in English. It may therefore be a good idea to try to learn
uncountable nouns in groups connected with the same subject
information, travel, traffic, accommodation,
money, equipment, luggage, clothes,
pyjamas, jeans, trousers, shorts, tights,
that all the uncountable nouns associated with clothes
are plural uncountables. They cannot be used in the singular
form or with numbers. We cannot say for example a shorts
or two shorts. Instead we have to say:
you lend me a pair of shorts? I've forgotten mine ~ I've
got two pairs. Which ones would you like? Those
ones or these ones? ~ I'll have those ones.
ITEMS: furniture, bedding, flooring, washing-up
liquid, washing powder:
sort of flooring are you going to have in your new house?
~ We thought we'd have vinyl in the kitchen and
hall and carpet on the stairs and landing.
weather, lightning, thunder, rain, snow,
you have very much snow last winter? ~ There was quite
a bit (of snow) higher up in the hills, but down
here in the valley we didn't get very much, no.
AND RESOURCES: cotton, wool, fabric, leather,
plastic, wood, stone, concrete, oil,
this shirt made of cotton or nylon? ~ It's 60% cotton
and 40% acrylic fabric.
sugar, salt, pepper, rice, pasta,
spaghetti, flour, butter, bread, soup:
you like some bread with the soup? ~ Do you have any
bread rolls? ~ No. ~ Oh well, I'll have a slice of toast,
ENDEAVOUR: work, research, knowledge, intelligence,
training, progress, stamina, patience,
determination, commitment, reliability, loyalty:
you done any research on this? ~ No, I haven't, but there
was a piece of research that James did last year that might