use but as an alternative to except (for),
apart from and bar to introduce the only thing or
person that the main part of the sentence does not include. It is
often used after words such as everyone, nobody, anything,
anywhere, all, no, none, any,
go anywhere for my holiday but / bar / except (for)
Blackpool. I really hate it there.
holiday he eats nothing but / bar / apart from
hamburgers and French fries.
took everything on holiday with her but / bar /
apart from the kitchen sink.
but / bar / the very young must carry their own
belongings in a rucksack.
marked all the essays but / bar / except
(for) / apart from two.
but / except (for) / bar Jessica would
wear a mini-dress at a formal dinner
In a British court of law, a witness giving evidence is required
to take the oath before he gives his testimony. He is required to
say the following:
swear by Almightly God to tell the truth, the whole truth and
nothing but the truth.
if he has no religion, he says instead:
affirm that I will tell the truth, the whole truth and nothing
but the truth.
the useful expressions next but one, last but one.
live in the house next but one to Mary. (i.e. two houses
away from Mary)
this the final candidate? ~ No, it's the last but one.
(i.e. there are two more people to be interviewed)
that but for as a preposition has a different meaning from
but by itself. We can sometimes use it as an alternative
if-clause with a third conditional negative sentence, indicating
what might have happened if other things had not happened. Compare
it hadn't been for your generosity, I wouldn't have been able
to go to America.
for your generosity, I wouldn't have been able to go to America.
would have been home in time for supper, if there had been
no fog to delay me.
would have been home in time for supper but for the fog.
for his broken leg
in the earlier part of the season, he might have been in the England
team to play Poland last May.
he hadn't broken his leg in the earlier part in the season,
he might have been in the England team to play Poland last May.