Grammar and Vocabulary
Confusing words and expressions Prefixes, suffixes, spelling and pronunciation
Determiners, nouns and pronouns Adjectives and adverbs
Verbs and tenses Modals and conditionals
Conjunctions and clauses Prepositions and phrases
Learning and exam skills
  Situation / Position / Condition
  Animal idioms
  no = not / not any
  seem, appear and look
  Learning and using synonyms
  Mother tongue, honeymoon and a small amount of gold
  Colour idioms
  take care / take a look: verb + noun collocations with take
  faults, flaws, weaknesses and drawbacks
  Idiomatic pairs
  Discourse markers
  British measures: feet, inches,
  kinds / types / sorts / varieties (of music)
  See and Watch
  'well off' and 'better off'?
  'lend' or 'borrow'?
  'say' or 'tell'?
  'make' or 'do'?
  'approve' or 'approve of'?
  'hire' or 'rent'? 'rise' or 'raise'?'drive' or 'ride'?
  'lie' or 'lay'?
  'lack' as a verb and a noun
  'house' or 'home'?
  'sport' or 'game'?
  'partner' or 'boyfriend'?
  'effect' or 'affect'?
  'say' or 'tell'?
  'hope' and 'wish'
  'equipment', 'utensil', 'tool'and 'apparatus'
  'solicitor', 'lawyer', 'attorney','barrister', 'counsellor'
  'nail bombs'
  judging something 'on its merits'
  greetings and farewells
  'get' and 'become'
  same or different? 'used to/get used to'?
  'adjective-noun collocations'
  rather and better?
  wedding or marriage?
  'either', 'neither' and 'too'
  health and illness idioms
  'skin' and 'bones' idioms
  '-ed' and '-ing' adjectives
  confusing pairs
  'come' or 'go'? 'bring' or 'take'?
  confusing road signs
  'hot dog' and 'hat trick'
  idioms involving 'clouds' or 'sky'
  verbs + adverbial particles
  'let' or 'leave'
  suppose / supposed to
  horrible / horrific
  entertainment idioms
  melt, thaw and antonyms
  synonyms for 'I (don't) understand
  slang, idiomatic expressions and euphemisms
  'switch' and 'change'
  job applications and 'cover'
  job title suffixes
  neck and nose idioms
  miss, missing, missed
  /wound/hurt/harm/damage as verbs/adjectives/nouns
  countable or uncountable?
  parts of the body
  Idioms based on food and drink
  Kinship Idioms
  ensure, assure, insure
  emotions idioms - anger
  'dress, wear, put on'
  relations and relationships
  rise, arise and raise
  Told or asked?
  'take' - expressions
  look forward to / agree to / object to
  expressing views and opinions
  'calling' and 'kidding'
  'hold or keep'
  possessives or compound nouns?
  Colons and semi-colons, dashes and brackets
  Flammable/inflammable & prefixes
  -ive, -ous, -ful, -ic, -able, -al, -y, -ible
  suffixes: -less, -free
  possessive apostrophes
  apostrophe 's with plural nouns
  'its' and 'it's'
  hyphenated nouns; adjectives and prefixes
  hyphenated adjectives; '-ise' and '-ize'
  using commas, semi-colons and colons
  spelling quiz: 'aging' or 'ageing'?
  spelling and pronunciation
  negative auxilliary verbs: contracted forms; pronunciation
  parts of the body
  a/an and the: pronunciation
  spelling and pronunciation / silent letters
  tag questions
  punctuation and pausing
  noun-verb agreement
  no = not a / not any
  article or no article?
  this/that - these/those - here/there
  different uses of 'any'
  'the', 'a' and 'an'
  indefinite and zero articles
  using articles with geographical names
  articles, possessives and demonstratives
  apostrophes: 'its' and 'it's';'ones' and 'one's'
  'so do I.'/ 'me too'
  'such' and 'so'
  'much', 'many', 'lots of' and subject-verb agreement
  subject-verb agreement with countable nouns
  double negatives
  relative pronouns: 'who' or 'whom'?
  using 'the' correctly
  reflexive pronouns
  'each' and 'every'
  'any' and 'no'
  subject/verb agreement
  'amount', 'quantity', 'number'
  it to identify people
  compound nouns
  plural nouns
  'what or which'
  job title suffixes
  'there' and 'is' as preparatory subjects
  'the' or zero article?
  a/an and the: pronunciation
  too much/many, fewer/less, little, as much as
  what or that? and noun-verb collocations
  noun + to- infinitive clause
  noun suffixes
  possessive 's or of + noun?
  'that' and 'then'
  the definite article: context-specific and with abstract nouns
  uncountable nouns
  fewer or less
  you and me / you and I
  countable and uncountable nouns with different meanings
  'The' with place names: rules and exceptions
  'Before' and 'ago'
  Participles as adjectives
  enough / sufficient / adequate
  Adverb and adjective collocations
  'incredible' and 'unbelievable'
  'efficient' or 'effective'
  'busy with' or 'busy about'?
  adjectival prefixes: un-, in- or im-?
  adjectival suffixes: -ive, -ous or -ful?
  adjectival suffixes: -less or -free?
  'good' or 'well'?
  using 'as well'
  using 'besides'
  'for example' and 'for instance'
  using 'so'
  inversion after negative expressions and 'only'
  'how long?', 'how often?' and 'how many times?'
  using 'ever'
  'formation and use of adjectives' just or only
  adjectives: appropriate/suitable and adequate/sufficient/enough
  'hardly', 'hardly ever', hardly any'
  'even if', 'even though'
  'ed' and '-ing' as adjectives
  time expressions with 'next', 'last' and 'on'
  adjectives: position
  'yet': adverb or conjunction
  though / as though / like
  comparative and superlative forms
  emphasizing adverbs
  expressing possibility: maybe, perhaps, may and might
  plural nouns
  hardly/scarcely, neither/nor, so/too
  on / off
  future forms: comparatives and superlatives
  position of adverbs
  too much/many, fewer/less, little, as much as
  irregular adjectives and adverbs
  -ed adjectives
  compound adjectives
  time expressions, adjectives and adverbs
  'Always' and 'ever'
  -ed and -ing adjectives
  actually/in fact/well
  especially/specially & continuously/continually
  adjectives with -er/-est, more/most, less/least in comparative/superlative
  so, such and so on
  likely to
  unreal uses of past forms
  'say' and 'tell' in reported speech
  have had / had had
  wouldn't/would & won't/will for refusals and insistence
  planned future actions
  the passive with modals, future and infinitive forms
  short answers and question tags
  doubling final consonants
  we are to / we are not to
  have / have got
  present perfect with 'for' and 'since'
  forming questions with do/does and is/are
  see / feel / like & love in progressive form
  Choosing the right tense in indirect speech
  Phrasal verbs: five different structures
  do as auxiliary verb
  primary auxiliary verbs: 'do' and 'have'
  'up' and 'down' in phrasal verbs
  'to do' and 'to have done'
  lots to do with 'do'
  'happen' and 'happen to'
  tenses of 'lie' or 'lay'
  past simple and past perfect: 'have' and 'had'
  past tense endings
  'used to' or past simple?
  present perfect simple and continuous
  'been' or 'gone'?
  inverted word order in questions and statements
  reported/indirect speech
  'must', 'need' and 'used to' in reported speech
  the passive
  prepositional and phrasal verbs
  'to' or '-ing'?
  contractions: 'aren't', 'haven't', 'isn't'
  'will', 'shall', 'would' and 'should'
  'don't' and 'do not'
  'present perfect and past simple'
  reporting verbs
  be able + infinitive
  be to + infinitive
  the subjunctive
  participial or relative clause
  verb + two objects
  question tags+imperative
  the passive
  stative verbs
  American/British verbs
  subject/verb agreement
  'would' in conversation
  'get, plus past
  verbs + adverbial particles
  'let' or 'leave'
  'like' as verb and preposition
  reporting questions, suggestions, advice and instructions
  expressing possibility: perhaps, maybe, may and might
  'gonna', 'wanna', 'gotta' and 'dunno'
  present perfect
  change of time/tense in reported speech
  auxiliary verbs; contracted forms: pronunciation
  past tenses
  future forms: comparatives and superlatives
  could, was able to and managed to
  suggest, recommend, insist, demand
  subject-verb inversion in questions
  past simple and past perfect
  The future
  Hear, see, make, let, allow + object + verb form
  present perfect with just, already, ever and yet
  what or that? and noun-verb collocations
  Bare infinitive
  Verbs and tenses
  past simple and present perfect
  intransitive and transitive verbs
  have to do and to have done
  reporting the future
  get (for transport) + preposition or adverb particle
  get + preposition or adverb particle
  ever and in time expressions
  time expressions and tenses
  dare and need - auxiliary verbs
  'be to'
  for + verb-ing'
  'used to' or 'would'
  expressing wishes in the past, present and future
  Third conditional
  Mixed conditionals
  Inversion in conditional sentences
  'Needn't have' and 'didn't need to'
  'if-clauses' and containing 'will', 'will'
  'must' as deduction and obligation
  'must', 'need' and 'used to' in reported speech
  'first and second conditionals; 'should' instead of 'if'
  'using 'as long as'
  'will', 'shall', 'would' and 'should'
  'could have', 'would have' and 'should have'
  'if I was' and 'if I were'
  'hope' and 'wish'
  'must', 'have to', 'have got to'
  'would' in conversation
  general and future condition and 'have got to'
  should , would and could
  What if / suppose / supposing
  when and if & in case and if
  though, even though and even so
  Omitting that
  Using '' and 'How...?'
  Affirmative word order in questions
  Which or that
  'Since' as preposition, conjunction and adverb
  as / while / as long as
  'preposition + relative pronoun'
  'unless' and 'otherwise'
  'whenever', 'wherever and etc'
  'though' and 'although'; 'despite' and 'in spite of'
  'while' and 'whereas'
  'because', 'as', 'since' and 'for'
  'yet' and 'but', 'so' and 'hence'
  'as well as' and 'as long as'
  'as' and 'like'
  inversion after negative expressions
  participial or relative clause
  'even if', 'even though'
  'yet': adverb or conjunction
  though / as though / like
  'by' and 'from'
  'in order to' and 'so that'
  cleft sentences
  as... as
  but as conjunction and preposition
  'for' and 'during'
  when or if? if or whether?
  what or that? and noun-verb collocations
  What if / suppose / supposing
  subordinating and coordinating conjunctions
  when and if & in case and if
  Linking adverbs
  alternatives to 'if'
  participle clauses
  'at', 'on' and 'in'
  'good at' or 'good in'?
  'beside'/'besides' and 'toward'/'towards'
  'since' and 'for'
  'despite' and 'in spite of'
  'with regard to' and 'regarding'
  'due to', 'owing to', 'on account of' and 'because of'
  'as' and 'like'
  'busy with' or 'busy about'
  prepositional and phrasal verbs
  'on', 'in', or 'at' midnight?
  time expressions with 'next', 'last' and 'on'
  though / as though / like
  'like' as verb and preposition
  as... as
  but as conjunction and preposition
  'for' and 'during'
  prepositions in time expressions
  on / off
  in front of / before/ across
  prepositions for common nouns without articles
  time and place phrases with at, in and on
  during, for, by, until with time phrases with at, in and on
  choosing a dictionary
  extending your vocabulary
  improving your skills by reading
  vocabulary and reading skills
  classroom activity: activating vocabulary
  how can listening skills be improved?
  learning styles and preferences
  how can I improve my accent?
  how will I pass my English exam?
  CAE, CPE and FCE exams
  IELTS English tests
  the IELTS writing test
  answering long essay questions
  business letters
  job applications and 'cover'
  future forms: comparatives and superlatives; interlinked learning activities
  spelling errors and typos
  reading comprehension
  preparing for a speaking test at an advanced level
  problems and troubles