牛津英语8A Unit 1-6知识点归纳 - 给力英语

牛津英语8A Unit 1-6知识点归纳

发布:jetshing    时间:2009-08-19 15:49:39     浏览:5700次

8 A Unit 1  Friends
1. some 用于疑问句中表示委婉、客气的建议、请求或盼望得到对方肯定的答复。
Can / May I have something to drink … ?  What about some …?    Would you like some ..? Shall we get some… ? 
Do you want some…?  Why don’t you do some=Why not do some ..?    Shall we do some..?
2.  real:真的,表示实际存在的意义,不是仿造的。
  True:真实的,抽象、理论、故事、消息、等与事实相符。a true story/  true love
3. more :"另外的,附加的",修饰名词: any/ some/ no/ a few/ a little/ many/ much / a lot /  数词+ more + 名词.
4. 使役动词: let/ make/ have/ help + 宾语+V,  make + 宾+宾补(形/名/介词短语)
5. It is + 形容词(表示人的品质/性格) + of + 人+ to +V:  It’s +形容词+ for sb to do sth
6. I think ,believe, guess, wonder, expect, consider, remember, imagine , suppose + 否定的宾语从句, 否定前置:
Grammar :
1. 形容词放在名词前面, 连系动词后只能用形容词:  
2. 强调加强比较级的副词: far ,much “多,更”,any, still,  far, even, no, a little,a bit , a lot
3. 形容词的原级:  表示甲乙程度相同: “与…一样” :  as + 形容/副词原形 + as
 表示甲不如乙时 : “ 不如…不像”:   not as / so + 形容词/副词原形 + as
 too + adj/adv + to do sth;      adj/adv +enough + to do sth; 
4.修饰原级的副词very/ really/ rather/ quite/ so / much too +形容词/副词原形
5. 形容词的最高级: 三者或三者以上比较, 有of/ in/ among 短语, 前必加 the (有my,this等除外)
one of the +最高级+名词复数;  of 短语表示具体比较对象;in 短语表示比较范围。
6. 比较级+ and+比较级: “越来越…”;多音节形容词用“more and more +原级”.
7.  than any other + n. (单数)   区别    than any + n. (单数)
8. The +比较级+句子…, the+ 比较级+句子…. : 意思是“越….,越…”;
8 A Unit 2  School life1.
1.  V+ing : practice, enjoy, spend, dislike, keep (on), finish, mind, hate,
 have fun doing sth,  have a great time doing sth,  be busy doing sth, can’t stop doing sth , give up doing sth,   have difficuly(problems,trouble ) doing sth,
2. remember to do sth/ doing sth;  forget to do sth/ doing sth; 
3. 推测:一定是,必定是:must be   可能是:may be    不可能是:can’t be… Can it be…
4.A. be able to do sth 可用将来时,现在时和过去时,有人称变化,can只有现在时和过去时。
  will be able to do sth,  hope to be able to do
5.…的数目/量是:The number of the +名词复数,谓语用单数。(a number of =many)
6.疑问词what/ where/ how/ which/ who/ when/why + to + V  which sweater to choose, when to do it 
Grammar :1. More/ most 是many/much的比较级和最高级,后加不可数名词或名词复数。Fewer/ fewest 用在复数名词前,less/ least 用在不可数名词前。
2. like :像,可作介词或连词。   be  /  look   (just)  like

8A Unit3
1. invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事
2. at the beginning of the trip / the meeting / the film / the play
 In/at the (very) beginning = at first, 其反义词为in the end。
3.  traffic  不可数名词    heavy  /  busy  /  much traffic
4. sick    ill     feel sick   /     be ill in hospital     a sick baby
5. believe one’s eyes / ears = believe what one sees / hears, 意为“相信看到/听到的是真的”。
6. teach oneself = learn … by oneself 自学
7. 动词不定式plan, want, agree, decide, choose, hope, learn, prepare, like, love, need, try, ask, begin, start, forget, remember, wish, continue
8. 反身代词的语法功能:
   1.) 作动词和介词的宾语,常与下列动词连用:enjoy, teach, buy, help, hurt, wash, look after, dress, feed, etc.   Help yourselves to some fish, boys.
  2.) 与某些介词构成词组,如:for oneself, by oneself , say to oneself。
9. take place作不及物动词,意为“举行”“发生”。A meeting took place yesterday.= They held a …
10.keep sth. to oneself 不让他人分享某物
   keep the secret to themselves       (区别: 为某人保密 keep a secret for sb.)
8A Unit4
1.. up to 意为“一直到,多达”   多达200=200之多(up to 200) 区别:200多(more than 200)
2. survive既可作及物动词,也可作不及物动词,意为“比…活得久”“从…中逃生”。
  Survive the air crash.     survive in the flood
3. have nowhere to live中nowhere是名词,作have的宾语。nowhere亦作副词,意为“任何地方都不”。
4.on one’s own = alone或by oneself
5. take action(s) to do sth. 采取措施做某事  What actions can we take to protect wild animals?
6.protect sb. / sth. (from sth.)  protect our eyes from strong sunlight  protect children from danger
7. encourage sb. to do sth.
8. sth. + look + adj. + on sb.       sb. + look + adj. + in sth.
9. continue doing / to do sth.      
10 go on doing  (继续做)   What is going on?  =  What’s happening?
keep (on) doing (继续做)  keep sb doing…(让某人一直做)    keep sb. from doing (不让某人做)

Unit 5 Abilities
be careful的用法:
be careful with sth.     be careful (not) to do    be careful+ 从句
clean up: up为副词,与动词连用表示完全、彻底。    e.g. eat up  Time is up.
hear/see/watch/notice/find sb. doing sth.  &   hear/see/watch/notice/find sb. do sth.
4  79-year-old是个复合形容词,一般只放在名词前作前置定语   a 100-metre-wide river
5.   in hospital意为“住院”,in the hospital则为“在医院里”。类似的结构还有go to school
6.  leave sb./sth. + adv./adj./Ving “使某人/某物处于某种状态”
keep sb./sth. (away) from …使某人/某物远离…   keep (sb./sth.) + adj./ doing/ 介词短语
keep sb. from doing sth.与prevent/ stop sb. (from) doing sth.同义,“阻止某人做某事”。
instead与instead of
instead of后接Ving或名词、代词等。而instead则多用于句尾,两者常可以互换。
sometimes(有时候),some times(一些次数),sometime(某一时候),some time(一些时间)
10. can & could
2) 表示推测,意为“可能”。could既是过去式,也可以表示表示可能性不是很大。
   e.g. Fire can be dangerous.
      It could snow this evening.(但可能性不大)
3)表示请求许可,could更委婉。   e.g. Can/Could I speak to Lily?
11 may & might
1) 表示猜测,“或许,可能”,might对可能性的怀疑更大些。
   e.g. He may/might come tomorrow.
   e.g. You may leave now.
      May/Might I borrow your dictionary?(might语气更正式、委婉,不常用)
Unit 6 Pets
feed的用法:     feed sth. to…     the feeding of animals
the + 形容词最高级(+名词)+of/among/in +范围
3.  hunt: 捕猎,猎杀    hunt for…= search for   hunter猎人
4  build…out of…    用…建造…
5. trouble的用法:  have trouble with  sth. /(in) doing sth.  =  have problems with sth. / in doing sth.
6  at the table 在桌边     at table 在用餐时
 7  anywhere: 用于否定句和疑问句中,表示某个地方,肯定句中用somewhere。anywhere用于肯定句表示“任何地方”。
8  frighten vt. 使吃惊,害怕,吓唬   adj. frightened, frightening
9. make sure确信,确保,务必。后面可跟that从句,多用一般现在时,也可以用一般将来时
10.be different from…反义词组:be the same as… 相关短语:the difference(s) between A and B
      2)肯定祈使句前可用助动词do来加强语气。Do come, please!
      3)反义疑问句都用will you。但Let’s…, shall we?  Let us…, will you?

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