1．理解主旨大意题 任何一段对话都是围绕一个中心而展开的，考生必须对所听内容有一个全面的把握。常见的问题有： (1)What are they talking about? (2)Where does the dialogue probably happen? (3)When do you think the dialogue happen? (4)Which of the following is right? (5)How many people are there in the dialogue?
2．获取具体信息题 对话中往往具备像时间、地点、人物、价钱、数量、原因、目的等方面的具体细节，学生在接受这些具体信息以后，做一些简单的数据处理，就能得出说话者的意图，此类常见的问题有： (1)What is the man /woman? (What does he/she do?) (2)Who (Whom) is the man/woman talking to (with)… ? (3)How much does the man /woman pay for the …? (4)How long has he/she been/worked in …? (5)Where has the man/ woman gone/been?
3．推断弦外之音题 考生仅仅理解所听内容的主旨大意是不够的，更多的题目要求考生根据具体事实、关键细节进行推断，从而找出对话的背景、时间、地点、说话者之间的关系。常见的问题有： (1)What else does the man/woman want to do? (2)How does the man/woman get on with …? (3)What do you think the man/woman is doing? (4)What time and where will they meet? (5)What’s the relationship between the two speakers?
4. 理解观点意图题 此类题目体现了考生对所听dialogue整体理解能力，每一个说话者都有他的说话意图、观点和态度等，但需要考生去揣摩。常见的问题有： (1)What does the dialogue mainly tell us? (2)What can we see from the dialogue? (3)What is the main idea of the dialogue? (4)What does the man suggest the woman should do? (5)Which of the following is not true?