新目标英语八年级下Unit 4 He said I was hard-working.词汇详解 - 给力英语
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新目标英语八年级下Unit 4 He said I was hard-working.词汇详解

发布:jetshing    时间:2009-03-04 20:58:27     浏览:2572次    [划词翻译已启用]

1. ever  adj. at any time up to the present; at all times 曾经;永远

示例

Have you ever been to Sydney? It's really a fantastic place. 你去过悉尼吗?那的确是个好地方。

用法点击

ever在疑问句中的意思是曾经;在这以前,常用于现在完成时。例如:Have you ever been to Tibet? 你曾经去过西藏吗?ever在否定句中意思是至今;不曾。例如:I haven't ever read this book. 我至今未曾读过这本书。

词汇拓展

常用搭配:for ever 永远        ever more 永远        ever since 自从

                        Yours ever(可用于非正式书信署名前)你永远的(朋友)

 

2. own adj. to give emphasis to the idea of personal possession 自己的

示例

I saw it with my own eyes, believe me! 我亲眼看见的,相信我吧!

用法点击

own 既可以作形容词和代词,意思是自己的,也可以作动词,意思是拥有。例如:This car is mine. I own it. 这辆车是我的,我拥有它。(用作动词)That's her own idea. 那是她自己的主意。(用作形容词)Your day off is your own. 你的假日归你自己支配。(用作代词)

词汇拓展

常用搭配:on one's won 单独;独自

谚语:It is an ill bird that fouls its own nest. 家丑不可外扬。

                 To pay a person in his own way. 以其人之道还治其人之身。

相关词:owner n. 所有人;拥有者

 

3. suppose v. take it as a fact that; think 假定;认为

示例

Let us suppose that the news is true. What shall we do then? 就让我们假设这个消息是真的,那么我们下一步该怎么办呢?

用法点击

suppose 常用于“be supposed to do”这一结构,表示被期望或要求;应该;被许可。例如:We are not supposed to play football on Sundays. 我们在星期天不允许踢球。suppose thinkbelieve等词一样,如果后面接宾语从句并进行否定时,一般要在主句中的谓语动词前加否定词,也就是我们常说的否定前置。例如:I don't suppose he will be here on time. 我认为他不会准时到的。suppose还常用于句首,用来引导条件句。例如:Suppose you are free, what would you like to do? 假如你有空,你想做什么?“I suppose”这一结构可做插入语,在句中位置较为灵活。例如:Prices will go up, I suppose. / I suppose prices will go up. / Prices, I suppose, will go up. 我觉得物价要上涨。

4. decision  n. a choice or judgment that you make after period of discussion or thought 决定;判断

示例

Have they reached a decision yet? 他们是否已经有所决定?

用法点击

decision常连用的动词是take make,例如:He is really bad at making decisions. 他确实不善决策。如果要强调在经过协商后做出的决定,可用reach / come to a decision 这一结构,例如:We must come to a decision by tomorrow about what to do next. 我们最晚明天必须做出决定,确定下一步做什么。

词汇拓展

相关词:decide v. 决定        decided adj. 确定的;坚决的

                     decisive adj. 决定性的

 

5. influence n.  the power to affect the way someone or something develops, behaves, or thinks without using direct force or orders 影响;影响力

示例

Parents have been worried about the influence of western films and TV programs. 家长已经开始担心西方的影视剧带来的不良影响。

用法点击

influence 既可用作名词又可用作动词。作名词时,常与on / over 连用。例如:What is the influence of television on children? 电视对儿童有什么影响?(用作名词)Don't let me influence you either way. 你做任何决定都别受我的影响。(用作动词)

 

6. danger n. the possibility that someone or something will be harmed, destroyed, or killed 危险

示例

Children's lives are in danger every time they cross this road. 孩子们每次过这条马路都冒着生命危险。

用法点击

danger用作名词,可以表示危险;危险的人或事。例如:In war, a soldier's life is always full of danger. 在战争中士兵的生命总是处于危险之中。danger还常用在in danger out of danger 结构中,表示处在危险之中脱离危险。例如:I don't want to put you in danger. 我不想让你身陷危险之中。The patient is now out of danger. 病人已经脱离危险了。

词汇拓展

常用搭配:in danger (of) 处于危险或困境之中

                        out of danger 脱离危险

谚语:A common danger causes common action. 同仇敌忾

                  Fear is often greater than the danger. 杞人忧天。

相关词:dangerous adj. 有危险的;不安全的


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