智者的较量:名言的交错配列艺术 - 给力英语
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智者的较量:名言的交错配列艺术

发布:englishfan    时间:2009-02-28 14:50:04     浏览:1719次    [划词翻译已启用]
交错配列(Chiasmus)是指在两个不同的并列句子中,第二个是第一个的颠倒排列 (a reversal in the order of words in two otherwise parallel phrases)。一个著名的例子是西塞罗的“吃饭是为了活着,但活着并不是为了吃饭。”


   本月的集锦是从最著名的格言和名言中评选出交错配列之冠。裁判不是别人,正是你们自己。仔细聆听这些格言,然后在下面为你支持的队伍投票。


~ 第一轮 – 总统队 ~


    约翰·肯尼迪: 因此,我的美国朋友们:别问你们的国家能为你们做些什么,而要问你能为你们的国家做些什么。
And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you. Ask what you can do for your country.

亚伯拉罕·林肯:迄今,关于世界的历史,人们一直说强权即公理,现在应该让我们,让我们这个时代,来颠倒这种说法,让我们说:公理即强权。
It has been said of the world's history hitherto that might makes right. It is for us and for our time to reverse the maxim, and to say that right makes might.

罗纳德·里根:各国不相互怀疑是因为它们拥有武装,而它们拥有武装是因为它们相互怀疑。
Nations do not mistrust each other because they are armed; they are armed because they mistrust each other.

毛泽东:政治是不流血的战争,战争是流血的政治。
Politics is war carried out without bloodshed, while war is politics carried out with bloodshed.

约翰·肯尼迪: 人类不结束战争,战争就会结束人类。
Mankind must put an end to war or war will put an end to mankind.

比尔·克林顿:因为我们完全拥有这个国家,我们会用先例的权利来领导它,但要有准备,在必要时,我们创造权利的先例。
As we have throughout this century, we will lead with the power of our example, but be prepared, when necessary, to make an example of our power.

亚伯拉罕·林肯:你可以一时骗过所有的人,也可以在所有时间里骗过一些人,但不能在所有时间里骗过所有的人。
It is true that you may fool all the people some of the time; you can even fool some of the people all the time; but you can't fool all of the people all the time.

乔治·蓬皮杜: 政治家是将自己放到他为国家服务的位置上的政客,而政客是将自己放到国家为他服务的位置上的政治家。
A statesman is a politician who places himself at the service of the nation. A politician is a statesman who places the nation at his service.

吉米·卡特:美国没有发明人权,其实,人权造就了美国。
America did not invent human rights. In a very real sense ... human rights invented America.

富兰克林·D·罗斯福: 我们不能总是为我们的青年造就美好未来,但我们能够为未来造就我们的青年一代。
We cannot always build the future for our youth, but we can build our youth for the future.

伍德罗·威尔逊[9]:我宁愿在终将成功的事业中遭受失败,也不愿在必定失败的事业里享受成功!
I would rather lose in a cause that will some day win, than win in a cause that will some day lose!

~ 第二轮 – 思想家队 ~

弗朗西斯·培根:若一确信而始者,将止于怀疑;而一怀疑而始者,将止于确信。
If a man will begin with certainties, he shall end in doubts; but if he will be content to begin with doubts, he shall end in certainty.

老子:祸兮福所倚,福兮祸所伏。
Failure is the foundation of success; success is the lurking place of failure.

巴鲁克·斯宾诺莎:害怕时不会没有期望,期望时也不会没有害怕。
Fear cannot be without some hope nor hope without some fear.

伯纳德·巴鲁克:不要在乎那些介意我们的人,也不要介意那些在乎我们的人。
Those who mind don't matter, and those who matter don't mind.

本杰明·迪斯雷利:行动不会总是带来幸福……但不付出行动就肯定不会有幸福。
Action may not always bring happiness ... but there is no happiness without action.

莱奥纳多·达·芬奇: 绘画是看得见听不着的诗,而诗是听得见却看不着的绘画。
Painting is poetry that is seen rather than felt, and poetry is painting that is felt rather than seen.

哈维洛克·艾利斯:魅力是女人的力量,正如力量是男人的魅力。
Charm is a woman's strength just as strength is a man's charm.

西塞罗: 不受教育的天赋才能要比没有天赋才能的教育更容易培养出尊敬与高尚的人。
Natural ability without education has more often raised a man to glory and virtue than education without natural ability.

孔子:君子易事而难说也……;小人难事而易说也。
The superior man is easy to serve, but difficult to please ... The inferior man is difficult to serve, but easy to please.

埃里希·弗洛姆:幼稚的爱遵循这样的原则:“我去爱是因为我被爱。” 成熟的爱遵循这样的原则:“我被爱是因为我去爱。” 不成熟的爱是:“我爱你是因为我需要你。”成熟的爱是:“我需要你是因为我爱你。”
Infantile love follows the principle: 'I love because I am loved.' Mature love follows the principle: 'I am loved because I love.' Immature love says: 'I love you because I need you.' Mature love says: 'I need you because I love you.'

艾尔弗雷德・诺思・怀特海:进步的艺术是:在变化中有秩序,在秩序中有变化。
The art of progress is to preserve order amid change, and to preserve change amid order.

杰佛逊·戴维斯:不要对谦卑者傲慢,也不要对傲慢者谦卑。
Never be haughty to the humble; never be humble to the haughty.

~ 第三轮 – 作家队 ~

齐格·齐格拉尔:你不必开始于伟大,但你必须开始去伟大。
You don't have to be great to start, but you have to start to be great.

W·萨默塞特·毛姆:赴晚宴时,要吃的聪明,不用吃的太好;要说的好,不用说的太聪明。
At a dinner party one should eat wisely but not too well, and talk well but not too wisely.

托马斯·赫胥黎: 尽可能广泛地涉猎各门学问,并且尽可能深入地择一钻研。
Try to learn something about everything and everything about something.

菲利普斯·布鲁克斯:不要祈求能力所能胜任的任务,要祈求能胜任任务的能力。
Do not pray for tasks equal to your powers; pray for powers equal to your tasks.

西里尔·康诺利:为自我而不是迎合公众的写作,要胜于迎合公众而不是为自我的写作。
Better to write for yourself and have no public, than to write for the public and have no self.

F·司各特·菲茨杰拉德: 你不写作时因为你想要说些什么,你写作时因为你不得不说些什么。
You don't write because you want to say something; you write because you've got something to say.

G.·K·却斯特顿: 一个渴求知识的人去读一本书,一个懒散的人拿一本书来读,这两者之间有很大的区别。
There is a great deal of difference between the eager man who wants to read a book and the tired man who wants a book to read.

山姆·尤因:你在工作中所投入的时间量并不算数,真正算数的是你在一定时间中所投入的工作量。
It's not the hours you put in your work that count, it's work you put in the hours.

埃德加·沃森·豪:男人让衣服适合他,女人让自己适合衣服。
 A man has his clothes made to fit him; a woman makes herself fit her clothes.

海伦·罗兰:对女人来说,第一吻只是开始的结局;对男人来说,这却是预示结局的开始。
To a woman the first kiss is just the end of the beginning but to a man it is the beginning of the end.

彼得德·弗里斯: 结婚的好处并不在于成人可生养孩子, 而在于孩子可助人成熟。
The value of marriage is not that adults produce children but that children produce adults.

坎普滕的托马斯:聪明的恋人不在乎爱人所给的礼物,而在乎给礼物人的爱。
A wise lover values not so much the gift of the lover as the love of the giver.

威廉·莎士比亚:啊,威力无穷的爱情!时而,它使野兽 变成人;时而,它使人变成野兽。
O powerful love, that in some respects makes a beast a man, in some other, a man a beast.

约翰·丘顿·柯林斯:我们一生中半数的错误都来自于我们应该去思考的那些感觉,以及我们应该去感觉到的那些思考。
Half of our mistakes in life arises from feeling where we ought to think, and thinking where we ought to feel.

H·L·门肯:愚人恒信,信人恒愚。
It is the dull man who is always sure, and the sure man who is always dull.

马克·吐温:实而不名, 胜于名而不实。
It is better to deserve honors and not have them than to have them and not deserve them.

哈利勒·纪伯伦: 当你爱的时候,你不要说“上帝在我心中”,却要说“我在上帝心中”。不要想你能引导爱的路程,因为对于爱,若是它觉得你值得,它就引导你。
When you love you should not say, 'God is in my heart,' but rather, 'I am in the heart of God.' And think not you can direct the course of love, for love, if it finds you worthy, directs your course.

阿尔伯特·哈伯德: 如果你的信仰没有改变你,那么你就应当改变你的信仰。
If your religion does not change you, then you should change your religion.

~ 第四轮 – 草根队 ~

麦·韦斯特:重要的不是我生命中的男人们,而是我在男人们里度过的生命。
It's not the men in my life, but the life in my men.

无名氏:婚姻是男人为性付出的代价,性是女人为婚姻付出的代价。
Marriage is the price men pay for sex; sex is the price women pay for marriage.

吉姆·巴克斯:很多男人将成功归因于其第一个妻子,而将其第二个妻子归因于其成功。
Many a man owes his success to his first wife and his second wife to his success.

艾米·迈克尔: 你可以付出而不去爱,但不能去爱而不付出。
You can give without loving, but you cannot love without giving.

E·Y·哈尔堡: 让一个傻瓜吻你,这很蠢;让一个吻骗你,那就更蠢。
To let a fool kiss you is stupid. To let a kiss fool you is worse.

马松·库利[44]: 友谊就是爱情减去性加上理智,爱情就是友谊加上性减去理智。
Friendship is love minus sex and plus reason. Love is friendship plus sex and minus reason.

约翰·戴维森·洛克菲勒: 在生意中建立起的友情胜过在友情上建立起的生意。
A friendship founded on business is better than a business founded on friendship.

沃森(老): 你必须将心放在生意上,将生意放在你的心上。
You have to put your heart in the business and the business in your heart.

基恩·毛奇:我不是经理,因为我总是对的;但我总是对的,因为我是经理。
I'm not the manager because I'm always right, but I'm always right because I'm the manager.

赫伯·凯莱赫:小处着想小处行动,我们就会越来越壮大;大处着想大处行动,我们就会越来越弱小。
Think small and act small, and we'll get bigger. Think big and act big, and we'll get smaller.

无名氏: 成功就是得到你喜欢的;幸福就是喜欢你得到的。
Success is getting what you want; happiness is wanting what you get.

让·科克托: 艺术产生的丑随着时间流逝常常会变成美;时尚……产生的美总是随着时间流逝总是变成丑。
Art produces ugly things which frequently become beautiful with time. Fashion ... produces beautiful things which always become ugly with time.

无名氏:生活的诀窍是,不要做你所喜欢的,而要喜欢你所做的。
The secret of life is not to do what you like but to like what you do.

凯文·科斯特纳:当决定性的时刻到来,要么你来定义这个时刻,要么被这个时刻所定义。
When a defining moment comes along, you define the moment, or the moment defines you.

华特·温切尔: 金钱有时让傻瓜变成重要人物,但它也能让重要人物变成傻瓜。

Money sometimes makes fools of important persons, but it may also make important persons of fools.(来源:译言)


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