新标准六年级上一般将来时讲解及练习 - 给力英语
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新标准六年级上一般将来时讲解及练习

发布:肖铄    时间:2009-01-06 11:44:52     浏览:5826次    [划词翻译已启用]

一、一般将来时的基本概念

  一般将来时表示将来某一时刻的动作或状态,或将来某一段时间内经常的动作或状态。一般将来时由助动词shall(第一人称),will(第二、三人称)+动词原形构成。美国英语则不管什么人称,一律用will。

二、一般将来时的形式

  ●will 常简略为 'll,并与主语连写在一起,如:I'll,he'll,it'll,we'll,you'll,they'll。

  ●一般疑问句如用will you…?其简略答语须是Yes,I will或 No,I will not;如用 Shall you…?(较少见)其简略答语须是 Yes,I shall.或 No, I shall not.。

三、一般将来时的用法

  1)表示将来的动作或状态

  一般将来时常与一些表示将来的时间状语连用,如:

  tomorrow(明天), next week(下周), from now on(从现在开始);in the future(将来)等。

  2)表示将来经常发生的动作。

  4.一般将来时的其他用法

四、一般将来时表示将来某一时刻的动作或状态,其表达形式除了“shall(第一人称),will(第二、三人称)+动词原形构成”外,还有以下几种形式。

  1)“to be going to+动词原形”表示即将发生的或最近打算进行的事。例如:

  ①It is going to rain. 要下雨了。

  ②We are going to have a meeting today. 今天我们开会。

  2)go, come,start,move,sail,leave,arrive,stay,live,fly,等可用进行时态表示按计划即将发生的动作,例如:

  I'm leaving for Beijing.

  我要去北京。

  3)“be to+动词原形”表示按计划要发生的事或征求对方意见。例如:

  ①Are we to go on with this work?我们继续干吗?

五、am/is/are/going to + do和will/shall + do

  1) shall用于第三人称单数,常被will 所代替,二者都可以缩写成 'll。

  will 在陈述句中用于各人称,在征求意见时常用于第二人称。

  Which paragraph shall I read first.

  Will you be at home at seven this evening?

  2) be going to +动词原形\地点,表示将来。

  3) be +不定式表将来,按计划或正式安排将发生的事。

练习

一、请在下列各题空格处填入shall或will

1.You ______ not drive through a red light.

2.I ______ do everything for her.

3.______ you help me with this heavy bag, John?

4.______ I help you with that heavy bag, Madam?

5.Let's go and take a walk after dinner, ______ we?

6.It ______ soon be over, I am sure.

7.Do what you ______ , but don't go out.

8.I ______ take you there with me, if it's OK with your mother.

9.Rain or shine, I ______ come.

10.You ______ not drive through a red light.

11.I ______ do everything for her.

12._____ you help me with this heavy bag, John?

13.______ I help you with that heavy bag, Madam?

14.Let's go and take a walk after dinner, ______ we?

15."No one ______ leave the classroom if I haven't said Okay," said the teacher.

16.It ______ soon be over, I am sure.

二、请在下列各题空格处就所设动词给予适当的将来时。

1.A:How do you want to go to Hualain, by air or by train?

B:I am not in a hurry this time, so I _____(take) the train.

2.A:_____you        (like)to go to the game this afternoon?

B:I'd love to. Where ______we        (meet) ?

A:You just stay home and wait for me. I____drive my car there, so I ______(pick) you up at about 1:30 .

3.A:It's a good dictionary . I _____(buy) it, but I don't have money with me now.

B:Don't worry. I _______(lend) you.

4.A:I hear Miss Chen _______(leave) our school and teach in a bigger school in Taipei.

B:But the principal (校长)______(not let) her go . He says she ______(teach) at least for another semester until he finds a new teacher.


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