naked和nude用法辩异 - 给力英语


发布:star    时间:2008-08-13 08:24:35     浏览:2694次    [划词翻译已启用]

Several commentators distinguish between naked and nude. Here are a couple of com­ments by writers on usage:

Naked and nude mean the same thing, but nude has classier connotations. It's "nude" in art. It's "naked" in the shower —Ebbitt & Ebbitt 1982

Perhaps the distinction is subjective, but naked seems to be, shall we say, the barer word —Bernstein 1971

Other commentators make similar distinctions, though they shade them variously:

To be naked is to be deprived of our clothes, and the word implies some of the embarrassment most of us feel in that condition. The word 'nude,' on the other hand, carries, in educated usage, no uncomfortable overtone —Anatole Broyard, Town & Country, October 1983

Professor McLuhan also had a linguistic point to make, noting that streakers are nude but never naked. "It's only when you don't want to be seen that you're naked," he said —Robert D. McFadden, N.Y. Times, 8 Mar. 1974

Naked may also connote vulnerability or loss of dignity:

I once saw a Czech film about a concentration camp. There was a line of naked prisoners. Now, that aspect of the human animal, in a state of great vul­nerability, has not been explored by our filmmakers —Glenda Jackson, quoted in Saturday Rev., March 1981

It's hard to take an angry political statement seri­ously from a naked woman —And More by Andy Rooney, 1982

Nude is, as the Ebbitts observe, usual when the reference is to art. Lewis Carroll, in his letters written in the 1870s and 1880s, uses naked in reference to photography and nude in reference to drawing or painting. The status of photography has risen since then:

Take a Picasso sketch of a nude. To me, that's much nuder than any nude in a photograph —Ansel Adams, quoted in Playboy, May 1983

Nude also is used for places where unclothed people congregate and for occupations that people perform without their clothes:

... you got a lot of beaches in San Diego ... and some of them are nude —Pete Rose, quoted in Houston Post, 8 Sept. 1984

A nude dancer ... is found shot —Sybil Steinberg, Publishers Weekly, 16 Mar. 1984

Naked has a more vigorous figurative life than nude, although both have figurative extensions. You would not normally find nude in contexts like these:

The walls of the Guggenheim, which was between exhibitions, were completely naked —Christopher Petkanas, Women's Wear Daily, 5 Oct. 1981

... an arena of more naked struggle for national prestige and power —David Thomson, Europe Since Napoleon, 2d ed., rev., 1962

... to put obstacles of amour propre and naked van­ity in the way —Archibald MacLeish, letter, 7 Sept. 1974

The battalion commander's briefing tent was harshly lit by two naked bulbs —John Rowe, Count Your Dead, 1968

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